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9.4.9 Stormwater code

9.4.9.1 Application

(1) This code applies to assessing a material change of use, reconfiguring a lot or operational work if:
(a) assessable development where this code is identified as a prescribed secondary code in the assessment criteria column of a table of assessment for a material change of use (section 5.5), reconfiguring a lot (section 5.6) or operational work (section 5.8); or
(b) impact assessable development, to the extent relevant.
(2) When using this code, reference should be made to section 1.5 and section 5.3.3.

Note—Where this code includes performance outcomes or acceptable outcomes that relate to infrastructure design and construction works, guidance is provided in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.

9.4.9.2 Purpose

(1) The purpose of the Stormwater code is to assess the suitability of the stormwater aspects of development.
(2) The purpose of the code will be achieved through the following overall outcomes:
(a) Development achieves acceptable levels of stormwater run-off quality and quantity by applying water sensitive urban design principles as part of an integrated stormwater management framework.
(b) Development protects public health and safety and protects against damage or nuisance caused by stormwater flows.
(c) Development has a stormwater management system which maintains, recreates or minimises impact to natural catchment hydrological processes.
(d) Development ensures that the environmental values of the city’s waterways are protected or enhanced.
(e) Development minimises run-off, including peak flows.
(f) Development maintains or enhances the efficiency and integrity of the stormwater infrastructure network.
(g) Development minimises the whole of life cycle cost of stormwater infrastructure.

9.4.9.3 Assessment criteria

The following table identifies the assessment criteria for assessable development.
Table 9.4.9.3.A—Criteria for assessable development
Performance outcomes
Acceptable outcomes
Section A—If for a material change of use, reconfiguring a lot, operational work or building work

Note—Compliance with the performance outcomes and acceptable outcomes in this section should be demonstrated by the submission of a site-based stormwater management plan for high risk development only.

PO1
Development provides a stormwater management system which achieves the integrated management of stormwater to:
(a) minimise flooding;
(b) protect environmental values of receiving waters;
(c) maximise the use of water sensitive urban design;
(d) minimise safety risk to all persons;
(e) maximise the use of natural waterway corridors and natural channel design principles.

Editor’s note—The stormwater management system to be developed to address PO1 is not intended to require management of stormwater quality.

AO1
Development provides a stormwater management system designed in compliance with the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
PO2
Development ensures that the stormwater management system and site work does not adversely impact flooding or drainage characteristics of premises which are up slope, down slope or adjacent to the site.
AO2.1
Development does not result in an increase in flood level or flood hazard on up slope, down slope or adjacent premises.
AO2.2
Development provides a stormwater management system which is designed in compliance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
PO3
Development ensures that the stormwater management system does not direct stormwater run-off through existing or proposed lots and property where it is likely to adversely affect the safety of, or cause nuisance to properties.
AO3.1
Development ensures that the location of the stormwater drainage system is contained within a road reserve, drainage reserve, public pathway, park or waterway corridor.
AO3.2
Development provides a stormwater management system which is designed in compliance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
AO3.3
Development obtains a lawful point of discharge in compliance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
AO3.4
Where on private land, all underground stormwater infrastructure is secured by a drainage easement.
PO4
Development provides a stormwater management system which has sufficient capacity to safely convey run-off taking into account increased run-off from impervious surfaces and flooding in local catchments.
AO4.1
Development provides a stormwater conveyance system which is designed to safely convey flows in compliance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
AO4.2
Development provides sufficient area to convey run-off which will comply with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
PO5
Development designs stormwater channels, creek modification works, bridges, culverts and major drains to protect and enhance the value of the waterway corridor or drainage path for fauna movement.
AO5
Development ensures the design of stormwater channels, creek modifications or other infrastructure, permits terrestrial and aquatic fauna movement.
PO6
Development ensures that location and design of stormwater detention and water quality treatment:
(a) minimises risk to people and property;
(b) provides for safe access and maintenance;
(c) minimises ecological impacts to creeks and waterways.
AO6.1
Development locates stormwater detention and water quality treatment:
(a) outside of a waterway corridor;
(b) offline to any catchment not contained within the development.
AO6.2
Development providing for stormwater detention and water quality treatment devices are designed in compliance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
PO7
Development is designed, including any car parking areas and channel works to:
(a) reduce property damage;
(b) provide safe access to the site during the defined flood event.
AO7.1
Development (including any ancillary structures and car parking areas) is located above minimum flood immunity levels in Table 9.4.9.3.B, Table 9.4.9.3.C, Table 9.4.9.3.D, Table 9.4.9.3.E and Table 9.4.9.3.F.

Note—Compliance with this acceptable outcome can be demonstrated by the submission of a hydraulic and hydrology report identifying flood levels and development design levels (as part of a site-based stormwater management plan).

AO7.2
Development including the road network provides a stormwater management system that provides safe pedestrian and vehicle access in accordance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
PO8
Development designs stormwater channels, creek modification works and the drainage network to protect and enhance the environmental values of the waterway corridor or drainage path.
AO8.1
Development ensures natural waterway corridors and drainage paths are retained.
AO8.2
Development provides the required hydraulic conveyance of the drainage channel and floodway, while maximising its potential to maximise environmental benefits and minimise scour.

Editor’s note—Guidance on natural channel design principles can be found in the Council’s publication Natural channel design guidelines.

AO8.3
Development provides stormwater outlets into waterways, creeks, wetlands and overland flow paths with energy dissipation to minimise scour in compliance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
AO8.4
Development ensures that the design of modifications to the existing design of new stormwater channels, creeks and major drains is in compliance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
PO9
Development is designed to manage run-off and peak flows by minimising large areas of impervious material and maximising opportunities for capture and re-use.
AO9
No acceptable outcome is prescribed.
PO10
Development ensures that there is sufficient site area to accommodate an effective stormwater management system.

Note—Compliance with the performance outcome should be demonstrated by the submission of a site-based stormwater management plan for high-risk development only.

AO10
No acceptable outcome is prescribed.
PO11
Development provides for the orderly development of stormwater infrastructure within a catchment, having regard to the:
(a) existing capacity of stormwater infrastructure within and external to the site, and any planned stormwater infrastructure upgrades;
(b) safe management of stormwater discharge from existing and future up-slope development;
(c) implication for adjacent and down-slope development.
AO11.1
Development with up-slope external catchment areas provides a drainage connection sized for ultimate catchment conditions that is directed to a lawful point of discharge.
AO11.2
Development ensures that existing stormwater infrastructure that is undersized is upgraded in compliance with the Priority infrastructure plan and the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
PO12
Development provides stormwater infrastructure which:
(a) remains fit for purpose for the life of the development and maintains full functionality in the design flood event;
(b) can be safely accessed and maintained cost effectively;
(c) ensures no structural damage to existing stormwater infrastructure.
AO12.1
The stormwater management system is designed in compliance with the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
AO12.2
Development provides a clear area with a minimum of 2m radius from the centre of an existing manhole cover and with a minimum height clearance of 2.5m.
PO13
Development ensures that all reasonable and practicable measures are taken to manage the impacts of erosion, turbidity and sedimentation, both within and external to the development site from construction activities, including vegetation clearing, earthworks, civil construction, installation of services, rehabilitation, revegetation and landscaping to protect:
(a) the environmental values and water quality objectives of waters;
(b) waterway hydrology;
(c) the maintenance and serviceability of stormwater infrastructure.

Note—The Infrastructure design planning scheme policy outlines the appropriate measures to be taken into account to achieve the performance outcome.

AO13
No acceptable outcome is prescribed.
PO14
Development ensures that:
(a) unnecessary disturbance to soil, waterways or drainage channels is avoided;
(b) all soil surfaces remain effectively stabilised against erosion in the short and long term.
AO14
No acceptable outcome is prescribed.
PO15
Development does not increase:
(a) the concentration of total suspended solids or other contaminants in stormwater flows during site construction;
(b) run-off which causes erosion either on site or off site.
AO15
No acceptable outcome is prescribed.
Section B—Additional criteria which apply to high-risk development, being one or more of the following:
(a) a material change of use for an urban purpose which involves greater than 2,500m2 of land that:
(i) will result in an impervious area greater than 25% of the net developable area; or
(ii) will result in 6 or more dwellings.
(b) reconfiguring a lot for an urban purpose that involves greater than 2,500m2 of land and will result in 6 or more lots;
(c) operational work for an urban purpose which involves disturbing greater than 2,500m2 of land.
PO16
Development ensures that the entry and transport of contaminants into stormwater is avoided or minimised to protect receiving water environmental values.

Note—Prescribed water contaminants are defined in the Environmental Protection Act 1994.

Note—Compliance with the performance outcome should be demonstrated by the submission of a site-based stormwater management plan for high-risk development only.

AO16
Development provides a stormwater management system which is designed in compliance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.
PO17
Development ensures that:
(a) the discharge of wastewater to a waterway or external to the site is avoided; or
(b) if the discharge cannot practicably be avoided, the development minimises wastewater discharge through re-use, recycling, recovery and treatment.

Note—The preparation of a wastewater management plan can assist in demonstrating achievement of this performance outcome.

Editor’s note—This code does not deal with sewerage which is the subject of the Wastewater code.

AO17
No acceptable outcome is prescribed.
Table 9.4.9.3.B—Categories of flood planning levels
Flooding type(1)
Minimum design floor or pavement levels (m AHD)(2)
(refer to Table 9.4.9.3.C for assignment of these categories)
 
Category A
Category B
Category C
Category D
Category E
Waterway(A) or open channel
1% AEP flood level + 500mm
1% AEP flood level + 300mm
1% AEP flood level
1% AEP flood level
5% AEP flood level
Overland flow flooding(B)
2% AEP flood level +500mm
2% AEP flood level +300mm
2% AEP flood level
2% AEP flood level
5% AEP flood level

Notes—

(1) Where the site is subject to more than one type of flooding that is overland flow flooding, creek or waterway flooding or river flooding, the minimum flood immunity level is the highest level determined from these sources.

(2) Where flood levels are not available from Council’s Floodwise Property Report such as overland flow flooding, the applicant will need to engage a suitably qualified Registered Professional Engineer Queensland with expertise in undertaking flood studies to estimate the relevant flood level.

Note (A) A waterway, including any indicated on the planning scheme maps, is defined as any element of a river, creek, stream, gully or drainage channel, including the bed and banks, typically with a catchment area greater than 30ha.

Note (B) Overland flow flooding usually occurs when the capacity of the underground piped drainage system is exceeded and/or when the overland flow path is blocked. Localised overland flow paths generally traverse along roadways, and in the older established areas, through private properties within existing low points and gullies. A localised overland flow path is not characterised by well-defined bed and banks and the contributing catchment is generally less than 30ha.

Table 9.4.9.3.C—Flood planning level categories for development types
BCA building classification(1)
Development types and design levels, assigned design floor or pavement levels
Category
Class 1–4
Category A
Non-habitable room including patio and courtyard
Category B
Non-habitable part of a Class 2 or Class 3 building excluding the essential services(2) control room
Category B
Parking located in the building undercroft of a multiple dwelling
Category C
Carport(4), unroofed car park; vehicular manoeuvring area
Category D
Essential electrical services(2) of a Class 2 or Class 3 building only
Category A(6)
Basement parking entry(3)
Category C + 300mm
Class 5,
Class 6, or
Class 8
Building floor level
Category C
Garage or car park located in the building undercroft(3)
Category C
Carport(4) or unroofed car park
Category D
Vehicular access and manoeuvring areas
Category D
Basement parking entry(3)
Category C
Essential electrical services(2)
Class 8 – Category C(6)
Class 5 & 6 – Category A(6)
Class 7a
Refer to the relevant building class specified in this table
Class 7b
Building floor level
Category C
Vehicular access and manoeuvring area
Category D
Essential electrical services(2)
Category C
Class 9 
Building floor level
Category A
Building floor level for habitable rooms in Class 9a or 9c where for a residential care facility
0.2% AEP flood
Garage or car park located in the building undercroft(3)
Category C
Carport(4) or unroofed car park
Category D
Vehicular access and manoeuvring areas
Category D
Essential electrical services(2)
Category A
Class 10a
Car parking facility
Refer to the relevant building class specified in this table
Shed(5) or the like
Category D
Class 10b
Swimming pool
Category E
Associated mechanical and electrical pool equipment
Category C
Other structures
Flood immunity standard does not apply

Notes—

(1) Refer to the Building Code of Australia for definitions of building classifications.

(2) Essential services include any room used for fire control panel, telephone PABX, sensitive substation equipment including transformers, low voltage switch gear, high-voltage switch gear, battery chargers, protection control and communication equipment, low voltage cables, high-voltage cables and lift controls.

(3) Basement car parks must be suitably waterproofed and all air vents, air-conditioning ducts, pedestrian access and entry and exit ramps at the car park entrance have flood immunity in accordance with this table.

(4) A shelter for a motor vehicle, which has a roof and one or more open sides, and which can be built against the side of a building.

(5) A slight or rough structure built for shelter and storage; or a large strongly built structure, often open at the sides or end.

(6) Where essential services are proposed in a basement below the specified flood planning level, the flood immunity of all air vents, air-conditioning ducts, pedestrian access, lift shafts and entry/exit ramps at the basement entrance and any other openings into that basement must conform to Category A for Residential development, and the relevant basement entry level of all other uses. This will require a waterproof basement design to prevent floodwaters entering the basement to ensure flood immunity.

Table 9.4.9.3.D—Flood planning levels for a new road
Flooding type(1)
Minimum design levels at the crown of the road (m AHD) (2)
 
Residential development
Industrial or commercial development
Waterway(A) or open channel
1% AEP flood level
2% AEP flood level
Overland flow flooding(B)
2% AEP flood level
2% AEP flood level

Notes—

(1) Where the site is subject to more than 1 type of flooding, the minimum flood planning level is the highest level determined from these sources. It should be noted that the flooding planning level in some older areas is often controlled by local ponding.

(2) Where flood levels are not available from Council’s Floodwise Property Report, such as overland flow flooding, the applicant will need to engage a suitably qualified Registered Professional Engineer Queensland with expertise in undertaking flood studies to estimate the relevant flood level.

Note (A) A waterway including any indicated on the planning scheme maps is defined as any element of a river, creek, stream, gully or drainage channel, including the bed and banks typically with a catchment area greater than 30ha.

Note (B) Overland flow flooding usually occurs when the capacity of the underground piped drainage system is exceeded and/or when the overland flow path is blocked. Localised overland flow paths generally traverse along roadways, and in the older established areas, through private properties within existing low points and gullies. A localised overland flow path is not characterised by well-defined bed and banks and the contributing catchment is generally less than 30ha.

Table 9.4.9.3.E—Flood planning levels for essential community infrastructure
Minimum design levels
0.2% AEP flood
Emergency services, where for an emergency shelter
0.5% AEP flood
Emergency services, where for police facilities
0.5% AEP flood
Hospital and health care services, where associated with a hospital
0.2% AEP flood
Community facility where involving storage of valuable records or items of historic or cultural significance (e.g. galleries and libraries)
0.5% AEP flood
State-controlled roads
Major or minor electricity infrastructure not otherwise listed in this table
Utility installation where for rail transport services
No specific recommended level but development proponents should ensure that the infrastructure is optimally located and designed to achieve suitable levels of service, having regard to the processes and policies of the administering government agency.
Power stations (as defined in the Electricity Act 1994) or renewable energy facility.
0.2% AEP flood
Major electricity infrastructure where a major switch yard
0.2% AEP flood
0.5% AEP flood
Utility installation where for a sewage treatment plant
Utility installation where for a water treatment plant
0.5% AEP flood
Table 9.4.9.3.F—Flood planning levels for reconfiguring a lot
Flooding type(1)
Minimum lot levels (m AHD)(2)
Residential
Other than residential
Waterway(A) or open channel
1% AEP flood level + 300mm
1% AEP flood level
Overland flow flooding(B)
1% AEP flood level + 300mm
2% AEP flood level

Notes—

(1) Where the site is subject to more than one type of flooding, the minimum flood immunity level is the highest level determined from these sources.

(2) Where flood levels are not available from Council’s Floodwise Property Report such as overland flow flooding, the applicant will need to engage a suitably qualified Registered Professional Engineer Queensland with expertise in undertaking flood studies to estimate the relevant flood level.

Note (A) A waterway including any indicated on the planning scheme maps is defined as any element of a river, creek, stream, gully or drainage channel, including the bed and banks typically with a catchment area greater than 30ha.

Note (B) Overland flow flooding usually occurs when the capacity of the underground piped drainage system is exceeded or when the overland flow path is blocked. Localised overland flow paths generally traverse along roadways, and in the older established areas, through private properties within existing low points and gullies. A localised overland flow path is not characterised by well-defined bed and banks and the contributing catchment is generally less than 30ha.

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