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9.3.21 Service station code

9.3.21.1 Application

(1) This code applies to assessing a material change of use if:
(a) self-assessable or assessable development where this code is an applicable code identified in the assessment criteria column of a table of assessment for a material change of use (section 5.5) or a neighbourhood plan (section 5.9); or
(b) impact assessable development, for a service station or a use of a similar nature.
(2) When using this code, reference should be made to section 1.5 and section 5.3.3.

Note—Where this code includes performance outcomes or acceptable outcomes that relate to:

Editor’s note—The design, layout and operational management of a service station is to comply with the Environmental Protection Act 1994.

9.3.21.2 Purpose

(1) The purpose of the Service station code is to assess the suitability of development to which this code applies.
(2) The purpose of the code will be achieved through the following overall outcomes:
(a) Development is in an appropriate location.
(b) Development maintains health, safety and amenity near the service station and around the site.
(c) Development is designed to effectively manage adverse impacts and hazards to adjacent or adjoining sites.
(d) Development supports the supply of a range of automotive fuels and an emerging range of alternative fuels.

9.3.21.3 Assessment criteria

The following table identifies the assessment criteria for assessable development.

Table 9.3.21.3.A—Criteria for assessable development
Performance outcomes
Acceptable outcomes
PO1
Development is located on a site that maintains the purpose and integrity of the zone and ensures that impacts on adjoining, adjacent and surrounding areas are minimised.
AO1.1
Development is not located in a zone in the residential zones category.
AO1.2
Development is not located in the Rural zone or the Environmental management zone except where:
(a) the site is located on the Gateway Motorway or Ipswich Motorway;
(b) the service station is one element of an integrated development that also provides a range of facilities for motorists such as rest areas, toilets and picnic facilities.
AO1.3
Development is only located in a zone in the centre zones category where:
(a) the site is located on a major road; or
(b) the site is at the end of or forms a continuation of a strip shopping centre fronting a major road; or
(c) the site is accessed from the internal driveway system of the centre.
AO1.4
Development is only located in a zone in the industry zones category where the site is located on a major road.
PO2
Development maintains and contributes to the visual amenity of the locality.
AO2
Development ensures:
(a) a continuous 3m wide landscape strip containing groundcover and small shrubs is maintained along the frontage of the site;
(b) any building or structure is located at least 7m behind the landscape strip.
PO3
Development provides refuse and recycling collection, separation and storage facilities that are located and managed to minimise adverse impacts on neighbouring properties and the public realm.
AO3.1
Development provides for a dedicated area or system to ensure adequate access to and removal of refuse and recycling.
AO3.2
Development ensures that refuse and recycling collection and storage location and design do not have any adverse impact (including odour, noise or visual impacts) on the amenity of adjoining land uses.

Note—Refer to the Refuse planning scheme policy for guidance.

PO4
Development minimises the risk to public safety, property and the environment from technological hazards such as fire, explosion and toxic release and achieves the hazard and risk criteria in

Note—A preliminary hazard analysis report prepared in accordance with the Industrial hazard and risk assessment planning scheme policy can assist in demonstrating achievement of this performance outcome.

AO4
Development does not include storage in excess of:
(a) an aggregate quantity of Class 3 flammable liquids and combustible liquids, stored or intended to be stored below ground of 385,000L;
(b) 16m3 of Class 2.1 LPG either underground or above-ground.
PO5
Development minimises opportunities for graffiti and vandalism through access control, canvas reduction and easy maintenance materials.

Note—For guidance on design considerations to reduce graffiti refer to the Graffiti prevention planning scheme policy.

AO5
Development incorporates graffiti and vandalism prevention techniques in its layout, building or structure design and landscaping by:
(a) discouraging access to property that is vandal or graffiti-prone using see-through fencing, sprinklers, thorny ground covers and/or noisy path surfaces such as fine gravel;
(b) avoiding ‘natural ladders’ that provide access to property that is vandal or graffiti-prone;
(c) minimising blank vertical surfaces by reducing building material, or by covering blank areas with vegetation, mesh or latticework not suitable for climbing;
(d) maximising opportunities for casual surveillance at all hours by positioning windows, doors and pathways to overlook property that is vandal or graffiti-prone;
(e) utilising surface treatments, for example dark colours, legal artwork or graffiti-resistant treatment.
PO6
Development is designed and constructed to prevent the release of contaminants to surface water or groundwater, through the incorporation of:
(a) spill and leakage prevention measures from underground tanks, above-ground tanks and pipework;
(b) leak detection systems for tanks and pipework;
(c) stormwater and spill management systems for fuel dispensing and uncovered forecourt areas.
AO6
Development complies with the surface water and groundwater protection section of the Storage and dispensing of petroleum products planning scheme policy.
PO7
Development:
(a) is located a sufficient distance from dwellings to maintain residential amenity in adjoining, adjacent or surrounding areas;
(b) avoids or minimises air emissions, including the installation of vapour recovery systems;
(c) complies with the following criteria at a sensitive zone or a sensitive use:
(i) air quality planning criteria in Table 9.3.21.3.D;
(ii) odour criteria in Table 9.3.21.3.E.

Note—An air quality impact report prepared in accordance with the Air quality planning scheme policy can assist in demonstrating achievement of this performance outcome.

AO7.1
Development that has an annual throughput of motor spirit (including unleaded petrol, premium unleaded petrol and ethanol blends but excluding diesel) that exceeds 520,000L includes the installation of Stage 1 vapour recovery in compliance with the air quality section of the Storage and dispensing of petroleum products planning scheme policy.
AO7.2
Development:
(a) if the annual throughput does not exceed 1.2ML of fuel ensures fuel-dispensing areas and vents are not located within 10m of a sensitive use or a sensitive zone;
(b) if the annual throughput is between 1.2ML and 9ML of fuel, ensures fuel dispensing areas and vents are not located within 50m of a sensitive use;
(c) if the annual throughput does not exceed 12ML of fuel:
(i) is fitted with Stage 1 and Stage 2 vapour recovery equipment in compliance with the air quality section of the Storage and dispensing of petroleum products planning scheme policy;
(ii) ensures fuel-dispensing areas and vents are not located within 20m of a sensitive use or a sensitive zone;
(d) if the annual throughput exceeds 12ML, no acceptable outcome is prescribed.

Editor’s note—“Fuel” means motor spirit, including petrol, premium unleaded petrol and ethanol blend but excluding diesel.

If a site is within 150m of land within a sensitive zone
PO8
Development must be compatible in appearance and scale with nearby residential buildings.
AO8
Development ensures that building height is no more than 9.5m.
PO9
Development ensures that noise generated does not exceed the noise (planning) criteria in
Table 9.3.21.3.B and night-time noise criteria in Table 9.3.21.3.C.

Note—A noise management report prepared in accordance with the Noise impact assessment planning scheme policy can assist in demonstrating achievement of this performance outcome.

AO9
Development:
(a) is not located within 50m of a sensitive use; or
(b) ensures mechanical plant or equipment is acoustically screened from adjoining sensitive uses;
(c) provides a 2m high acoustic fence along any boundary with a sensitive use;
(d) ensures car parking areas used at night are acoustically screened from adjoining residential dwellings.

Note—Mechanical plant includes generators, motors, compressors and pumps, e.g. air conditioning, refrigeration or coldroom motors.

Table 9.3.21.3.B—Noise (planning) criteria
Criteria location
Intrusive noise criteria
Day, evening and night LAeq,adj,T are not greater than the RBL plus the value in this column for the relevant criteria location, where T equals:
Day: 11hr
Evening: 4hr
Night: 9hr
Acoustic amenity criteria
Day, evening and night LAeq,adj,T are not greater than the values in this column for the relevant criteria location, where T equals:
Day: 11hr
Evening: 4hr
Night: 9hr
Day
Evening
Night
Low density residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
Low–medium density residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
Medium density residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
High density residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
50dB(A)
Character residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
Tourist accommodation zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in Principal centre zone
5dB(A)
60dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in Major centre zone
5dB(A)
60dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in District centre zone
5dB(A)
60dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in Neighbourhood centre zone
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in Specialised centre zone
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
50dB(A)
Emerging community zone boundary
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
Environmental management zone boundary
0dB(A)
40dB(A)
40dB(A)
40dB(A)
Conservation zone boundary
0dB(A)
40dB(A)
40dB(A)
40dB(A)
At a sensitive use in Mixed use zone
5dB(A)
60dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in Rural zone
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
At a sensitive use in Rural residential zone
5dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
At a sensitive use in Township zone
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)

Notes—

Table 9.3.21.3.C—Night-time noise criteria
Criteria location
Where the existing LAeq,9hr night at the criteria location is:
Average of the highest 15 single LAmax events over a given night (10pm-7am) period is not greater than the following values at the relevant criteria location:
The absolute highest single LAmax event over a given night (10pm-7am) period is not greater than the following values at the relevant criteria location:
At the zone boundary of:
  • Low density residential zone
  • Low–medium density residential zone
  • Medium density residential zone
  • High density residential zone
  • Character residential zone
  • Tourist accommodation zone
  • Emerging community zone
< 45dB(A)
50dB(A)
55dB(A)
45 to 60dB(A)
LAeq,9hr night + 5dB(A)
LAeq,9hr night + 10dB(A)
> 60dB(A)
65dB(A)
70dB(A)
External to a sensitive use
located in a:
  • Principal centre zone
  • Major centre zone
  • District centre zone
  • Neighbourhood centre zone
  • Specialised centre zone
  • Mixed use zone
  • Rural zone
  • Rural residential zone
  • Township zone
Not applicable
65dB(A)
70dB(A)

Notes—

Table 9.3.21.3.D—Air quality planning criteria
Pollutant
Averaging time
Health outcome protected
Criteria including background (µg/m3)
Criteria including background (ppm)
Benzene
Annual
Health and wellbeing
10
0.003
Cyclohexane
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
19,000
5
Ethylbenzene
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
8,000
1.8
n-Hexane
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
3,200
0.9
Styrene
1 hour
Odour
65
0.014
7 days
Health and wellbeing
280
0.06
Toluene
1 hour
Odour
958
0.23
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
4,100
1
Annual
Health and wellbeing
410
0.1
Xylenes (as a total of ortho, meta and para isomers)
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
1,200
0.25
Annual
Health and wellbeing
950
0.2

Note—

Table 9.3.21.3.E—Odour criteria
Pollutant
Averaging time
Health outcome protected
Criteria (odour units – OU)
Odour
1 hour
Odour
0.5 OU for tall stacks
Odour
1 hour
Odour
2.5 OU for ground-level and wake-affected plumes from short stacks

Note—Odour criteria are to be evaluated using the 99.5th percentile concentration from dispersion modelling.

Table 9.3.21.3.F—Hazard and risk criteria
Fatality risk
Land use
Fatality risk criteria
(risk in a million per year)
Hospital, education establishment, child care centre, retirement facility, community care centre, health care services, residential care facility
0.5
Dual occupancy, multiple dwellings, short-term accommodation, community residence, dwelling house, rooming accommodation, relocatable home park, tourist park
1
Commercial developments including shops and shopping centres, food and drink outlet, offices, theatres and tourist attractions
5
Indoor sport and recreation, outdoor sport and recreation
10
Industry activities
50
Injury risk
Type of risk
Injury risk criteria
Heat radiation
Incident heat flux radiation does not exceed 4.7kW/m2 at a frequency of more than 50 chances in a million per year.
Explosion overpressure
Incident explosion overpressure does not exceed 7kPa at frequencies of more than 50 chances in a million per year
Toxic exposure
Toxic concentrations do not exceed a level which would be seriously injurious to sensitive members of the community following a relatively short period of exposure at a maximum frequency of 10 in a million per year.
Toxic concentrations will not cause irritation to eyes or throat, coughing or other acute physiological responses in sensitive members of the community over a maximum frequency of 50 in a million per year.
Risk to property damage and accident propagation
Type of property damage accident propagation risk
Land use
Property damage and accident propagation risk criteria
Heat radiation
Neighbouring potentially hazardous installations or at land zoned to accommodate such installations
Incident heat flux radiation not to exceed a risk of 50 in a million per year for the 23kW/m2 heat flux level
Explosion overpressure
Neighbouring potentially hazardous installations; at land zoned to accommodate such installations, or
at nearest public buildings
Incident explosion overpressure not to exceed a risk of 50 in a million per year for the 14kPa explosion overpressure level
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