watermark

SC6.26 Refuse planning scheme policy

Contents

1 Introduction

1.1 Relationship to planning scheme

1.2 Purpose

1.3 Terminology

2 General requirements

3 Access and manoeuvrability

4 Residential refuse bin arrangements

5 Residential refuse bin storage area

6 Residential refuse bin collection point

6.1 Dedicated road frontage

6.2 On-site collection

7 Refuse collection methods

8 Non-residential development

1 Introduction

1.1 Relationship to the planning scheme

This planning scheme policy:

(a) provides information the Council may request for a development application;
(b) provides guidance or advice about satisfying an assessment criteria which identifies this planning scheme policy as providing that guidance or advice;
(c) states a standard for the assessment criteria identified in the following table.
Column 1 –
Section or table in the code
Column 2 –
Assessment criteria reference
Column 3 –
Planning scheme policy provisions
AO13
All
AO61.1
All
AO61.2
All
AO19
All
AO1.5
All
AO15.2
All
AO43.1
All
AO43.2
All
AO3.2
All
AO15.1
All
AO17
All
AO29
All
AO5
All
AO8.1
All
AO8.2
All
AO4.1
All
AO19.3
All

1.2 Purpose

This purpose of this planning scheme policy is to provide guidance and advice regarding the information required for a development application to satisfy assessment criteria for the provision of adequate and appropriate refuse collection facilities for development.

1.3 Terminology

In this planning scheme policy unless the context of the subject matter otherwise indicates or requires, a term has the following meaning:

refuse: includes general waste (including bulky items), recyclables and green waste

refuse bin: a receptacle (mobile garbage (wheelie) bin or bulk bin) used for the temporary storage of refuse

mobile garbage bin: a bin used for the temporary storage of refuse that is up to 360L in capacity and may be used in kerbside refuse collection or on-site collection

bulk bin: a receptacle that is greater than 360L in capacity generally ranging from 0.66m³ to 4.50m³ used for the temporary storage of refuse that is used for on-site refuse collection

refuse compactor: a receptacle that provides for the mechanical compaction and temporary storage of refuse, to reduce bin numbers and collection frequency

bin storage area: an enclosed area designated for storing on-site refuse bins or a refuse compactor within the property

collection point: the identified position where refuse bins are presented for collection and emptying; where for bulk bins, the collection point could be the bin storage area

refuse collection vehicle: a vehicle that is specifically designed for collecting and emptying refuse bins and refuse compactors

Note—The BCC standard Refuse Collection Vehicle (swept path templates are detailed in the Transport, access, parking and servicing planning scheme policy.

storage area: an area identified for storing on-site mobile garbage bins or bulk bins within the property

refuse chute: a tubular chute penetrating each floor of a building to dispose of refuse and/or recycling material into a bulk bin or compaction unit at a level to be determined at design stage

2 General requirements

(1) The collection of refuse is to be considered during the planning phase of a development or subdivision. This includes the physical manoeuvring area for the refuse collection vehicle, the permanent refuse bin storage areas, and the temporary refuse bin storage areas on collection days. Access for other road users including pedestrians, cyclists, motorists and other service providers (e.g. postal) is to be maintained. Generally, on-site collection is to be provided, excluding development defined in Table 1 of this planning scheme policy.
(2) The waste collection system is to achieve the following outcomes:
(a) The number and location of mobile garbage bins presented for kerbside collection does not negatively impact on streetscape character or pedestrian movement and safety.
(b) Both the customer and service provider can access the bin storage area and collection point conveniently.
(c) The location, design and operation of the bin storage and collection system do not have adverse acoustic, odour or visual impacts on the development or surrounding properties.
(d) The manoeuvring of the refuse collection vehicle can be undertaken in a safe and efficient manner, without detrimental impacts to any infrastructure or the road network. Designs that require the refuse collection vehicle to reverse more than 1 truck length are avoided.
(e) For residential developments, the supply and servicing of either mobile garbage bins or bulk bins or refuse compactors complies with the requirements of, and is approved by Brisbane City Council’s Waste Services. Advice from any other waste contractors will not be considered.

3 Access and manoeuvrability

(1) If refuse collection is from a bin storage area or mobile garbage bins located throughout the development, the pavement/carriageway trafficked by the refuse collection vehicle is a minimum 6.5m wide.
(2) For an on-site collection service, turning and manoeuvring facilities are provided with a 12.5m turning radius for refuse collection vehicles.
(3) All entry and exit gates are of a width and design that allows for sufficient ingress and egress for the refuse collection vehicle including a 6.5m crossover.
(4) Turnaround facilities for a refuse collection vehicle are provided for no through roads and staged subdivision developments.
(5) For multiple dwellings sites fronting a neighbourhood road, district road, suburban road or arterial road, the refuse collection vehicle is to enter and leave the site in a forward gear.
(6) For multiple dwellings sites fronting a neighbourhood road or local road that is not a bus route, the refuse collection vehicle may either enter or leave the site in a reverse gear in a single movement.
(7) For mobile garbage bins, if it is necessary to wheel them to a collection point from a bin storage area:
(a) the distance does not exceed 50m;
(b) for a residential care facility or retirement facility, the distance does not to exceed 25m;
(c) the mobile garbage bin transfer path is free of steps or other obstructions and does not exceed a 1:14 grade.
(8) Bulk bins of 1.1m³ or less are positioned so that collection personnel do not have to move bins for more than 5m. The maximum gradient of the manoeuvring and loading areas (which may extend to the access ramp) is 5% (1:20) in both directions.
(9) Bulk bins of 1.5m³ or more are positioned so that front-lift refuse vehicles can drive directly to the container without relocating the bulk bin. If this cannot be achieved due to physical constraints, then the bulk bins are not moved more than 3m from the storage to the collection point. The maximum gradient of the manoeuvring and loading areas (which may extend to the access ramp) is 5% (1:20).
(10) In instances where the gradient of the internal circulation aisles are greater than 5% (1:20), areas of maximum grade 1:50 are provided at the collection points for mobile garbage bins or bulk bins.

4 Residential refuse bin arrangements

(1) The number and type of mobile garbage bins at residential properties is provided in accordance with the following:
(a) if kerbside collection along a dedicated road frontage is feasible, each dwelling or multiple dwelling (detached or attached) is provided with:
(i) 1 general refuse mobile garbage bin and one recyclable mobile garbage bin;
(ii) if requested by the owner, 1 green waste mobile garbage bin which will be collected the alternate week to recycling;
(b) if the refuse collection vehicle can enter a multiple dwelling site and provide kerbside collection service from the internal circulating road, each dwelling is provided with:
(i) 1 general refuse mobile garbage bin and 1 recyclable mobile garbage bin if the collection service is directed from the kerbside of the internal road and if requested by the owner, 1 green waste mobile garbage bin; or
(ii) the individual general mobile garbage bin can be substituted with bulk bin(s) for the property at a common collection point on the internal road;
(c) if the refuse collection vehicle enters a multiple dwelling site such as apartment building or attached dwellings, a bulk service for refuse and recycling is provided with:
(i) bulk bins of a capacity to suit the servicing as determined by Council;
(ii) on-site provision for the storage of bulk bins for both refuse and recycling in a position that is easily accessible for residents or alternatively it can be a chute room or chute and compaction unit room (no residential access to compaction room);
(iii) a suitable collection point for bulk bins refuse and recycling as determined by Council;
(d) if the refuse collection is for a mixed use development:
(i) residential refuse and recycling bulk bins are securely stored separately from the commercial waste and recycling bulk bins.

5 Residential refuse bin storage area

(1) The storage area for bulk bins and mobile garbage bins are provided and comply with all the following:
(a) bulk bins are:
(i) contained in an enclosure or room of sufficient size for the bulk bin quantity required;
(ii) easily accessible for residents and for the required servicing of bins;
(iii) screened from neighbouring properties for odour, amenity and noise;
(iv) protected from the environment;
(v) if stored in an enclosed room, provided with natural or temperature- controlled ventilation.
(b) mobile garbage bins are located:
(i) outside the individual or attached dwelling space that can accommodate 2 bins and is contained within the lot;
(ii) located within a garage or in an external enclosure in a common area for individual villas or townhouses;
(iii) in an enclosure for mobile garbage bin storage that allows for bin(s) to be stored and manoeuvred for servicing;
(iv) if stored in an enclosed room, provided with natural or temperature controlled ventilation.
(c) if a refuse chute is provided, this is to be constructed to allow refuse to fall into the centre of the bin;
(d) if a refuse chute is provided, separate chutes for general refuse and recyclables are to be provided, with separate bulk bins provided for each waste stream;
(e) a room containing a chute and bin or compactor excludes all but authorised personnel;
(f) the storage area is kept clear of obstructions, such as fixed bay separators, that impede the ability to change from existing bin sizes or which otherwise limit future refuse collection options.
(2) Environmental best practices may also include the installation of a trapped waste connection to the sewer system and providing a roof canopy over the designated storage area.

Note—Contact Council’s Waste Services for advice on the number and size of bins.

6 Residential refuse bin collection point

The collection point for mobile garbage bins is located either on the dedicated road frontage of the site (if sufficient kerb space is available), or, where appropriate, within the site if the refuse collection vehicle can access the site and kerbside collection is not feasible. All bulk bins are serviced on site.

Note—See Table 1.

6.1 Dedicated road frontage

(1) The number of mobile garbage bins presented for collection outside any property is to be limited to (including all general refuse, recyclables and green waste), the adequate length of kerbside available. The length of kerbside is the length of footpath frontage in which bins can be presented assuming each mobile garbage bin requires 1m (bin width plus operational clearance).
(2) Dedicated road frontage collection is typically provided for the following cases:
(a) dwelling houses and secondary dwellings;
(b) multiple dwellings when individual units have their own road frontage and appropriate access.
(3) The collection point for a dwelling house fronting a dedicated road is at the kerbside, in front of the property alignment.
(4) If a rear lot, the frontage is to include an additional truncated area to provide sufficient space for the servicing of mobile garbage bins. These truncated collection points are to avoid obstructing any driveway or encroachment onto neighbouring frontages.
(5) If 2 or more rear lots , no more than 2 adjoining truncated areas are provided for the servicing of mobile garbage bins.
(6) Collection points are not located:
(a) near intersections;
(b) near roundabouts or traffic-calming devices (or other traffic management devices);
(c) on arterial road frontages;
(d) in narrow lanes (where refuse collection vehicle access is difficult or impossible);
(e) near bus stops.

6.2 On-site collection

(1) For mobile garbage bins, the refuse collection vehicle enters the site to service the bins at the designated collection points within the internal road reserve.
(2) For bulk bins, the refuse collection vehicle enters the site to service the bin at the designated collection point(s), such as a car park, within the property.
(3) On-site collection is typically provided for the following cases:
(a) the dedicated frontage of the property is too narrow to permit kerbside collection;
(b) multiple dwellings.
(4) If the collection point is at the kerbside of the internal private road (minimum road width is 6.5m), it is preferred that mobile garbage bins are placed in front of each dwelling. If there are short dead-end streets off the main internal circulating road, sufficient level areas are to be provided beside the main internal circulating road (near the intersection) for a collection point for the mobile garbage bins required for those units.
(5) If on a multiple dwelling development site, the minimum operational vertical clearance required is 3.6m (rear lift only). All development applications are to include a written design proposal for waste collection giving full details of the proposed system, bin sizes, number of bins, frequency of collection and the refuse collection vehicle size.
(6) Where on-site manoeuvring cannot be achieved, locate the bulk bin storage and collection area within 30m of the street frontage.

7 Refuse collection methods

(1) Access for a refuse collection vehicle to an on-site or kerbside bin or a compactor is maintained at all times.
(2) A development application may include evidence from a refuse collection contract to demonstrate that collection will occur outside normal service/delivery or business times, where seeking permission to allow a refuse collection vehicle to use service bays or parking spaces on the site for access.
(3) A development application is to identify the type of refuse service that is to be used (domestic or commercial), including whether the collection vehicle is to be front loading, side loading or rear loading (sufficient height must be available).

Note—Operating clearances for refuse trucks are: front load 6.5m, side load 4.5m, rear load (roll-on roll-off) 6.0m, rear load (lift) 3.6m.

(4) Development is to provide the vertical and horizontal clearances for the service to safely and efficiently operate.
(5) The minimum vertical clearance required for movement of a refuse collection vehicle is 4.5m. Larger operational clearance dimensions are shown in Table 3 for various types of collection systems.
(6) A development proposing to use a waste collection system requiring clearances less than 4.5m for vehicle movement is to include a written confirmation from the proposed waste collection provider giving full details of the proposed system, bin sizes, number of bins, frequency of collection and the refuse collection vehicle size.
(7) All refuse collection for residential development is to be collected by the Council, whilst refuse other than residential may be collected by the Council or private operator, Council is to approve the waste collection method.
(8) Bulk bins are the preferred method of collection in unit developments.
(9) Whether domestic refuse collection is from a bulk storage area or bins located throughout a unit development, all circulation and access roads used by a refuse vehicle are to be a minimum of 6.5m wide.
(10) Where a development has access onto a major road, all refuse collection is from within the site. Refuse collection for small developments, which have an access onto a local street, are permitted to place refuse bins on the road verge provided there is sufficient space to locate them safely along the site frontage. Where these smaller residential developments do not have adequate kerbside space for bins, a refuse collection area is provided on site. If the access is onto a major road, the refuse truck is required to enter and leave the site in a forward direction.

Note—Refer to Table 2 and Table 3.

8 Non-residential development

(1) Bins for other than residential uses will vary from small mobile garbage bins to tank compaction units. The number and size of bins required will depend on the intended commercial use(s) and waste contractor.
(2) On-site collection is typically provided from industrial and commercial premises.
(3) Industrial development is to indicate the location of the refuse and recycling collection area in the development application. Where disposal of industrial or commercial liquid waste by discharge to a road tanker application is necessary, the road tanker is able to stand totally on site and comply with all other relevant regulations. It is preferred that industrial bins are stored internally, however if this option is not feasible, then industrial bins must be stored in an enclosure.
(4) Alternative refuse collection agreements for commercial waste that are made with alternative provider are to be submitted to Development Assessment with any development application.
(5) The requirements for refuse bins or refuse compactors for non-residential development will be assessed case by case and will be based on the type and amount of waste generated by the development, which is dependent on the operational activities of the development.

Note—Contact Council’s Waste Services for advice on the number and size of bins.

(6) Development applications for non-residential uses are required to provide sufficient information to demonstrate that refuse collection can occur in an efficient and safe manner on site without adverse impact on amenity (acoustic, odour or visual impacts) and pedestrian and vehicular traffic.
(7) Any development application proposing to use clearances less than the minimum vertical clearances is to include written confirmation from the proposed waste collection contractor giving full details of the proposed system, bin sizes, number of bins, frequency of collection and the refuse collection vehicle size.
Table 1—Refuse collection requirements for development type (excluding Brisbane CBD)
Development type
Refuse generation rates
Collection location
 
General
Recycle
Major road
Minor road
Multiple dwellings
1–3 units
240L bin/unit
240L bin/unit
Kerbside (1)
Kerbside (1)
4–5 units
240L bin/unit or bulk bins (5)
240L bin/unit or bulk bins (5)
On site (2)
On site (4)
6–10 units
Bulk bins – size and number to be determined (5)
Bulk bins – size and number to be determined (5)
On site
On site (4)
11–40 units
Bulk bins – size and number to be determined (5)
Bulk bins – size and number to be determined (5)
On site
On site (4)
41–70 units
Bulk bins – size and number to be determined (5)
Bulk bins – size and number to be determined (5)
On site
On site (4)
>70 units (4)
Bulk bins – size and number to be determined (5)
Bulk bins – size and number to be determined (5)
On site
On site (4)
Reconfiguration of lot/dual occupancy
>2 lots
240L bin/unit
240L bin/unit
Kerbside (1)
Kerbside (1)
>1 lot
Rear access lots
240L bin/unit
240L bin/unit
Kerbside (1) or on site (3)
Kerbside (1) or on site (3) reverse in – drive out rear loading
All other development types should contact Brisbane City Council Waste Services

Note—

(1) Kerbside collections require 2m of direct road frontage for each lot or dwelling. Bins located front of neighbouring lots are not acceptable.

(2) Kerbside collection option where 10m of road frontage available.

(3) Contact Waste Services where >40m.

(4) Where a turn-around area is not achievable within the site, a rear loading refuse collection vehicle with reverse in – drive out manoeuvre is acceptable.

(5) The number of bulk bins required is generally calculated at a rate of 240L/unit/week. Multiple collection days may be acceptable upon agreement from Waste Services.

Table 2—Refuse bin types
Bin type
Capacity
Rear lift
240L–360L
660L–1100L
Front lift
1.5m3–6m3
Roll on-roll off
2m3–40m3
Compaction system
5m3–40m3
Table 3—Collection vehicle specifications
Vehicle type
Description
Specifications
Measurements
Rear loading collection vehicle
Commonly used for domestic garbage and recycling collections from multiple dwellings, Rear loading collection vehicles can be used to collect waste stored in mobile garbage bins or bulk bins, particularly where bins are not presented on the kerbside
Length overall
10.24m
Width overall
2.5m
Operational height
3.6m
Travel height
3.6m
Turning circle kerb to kerb
R9.5m
Side-loading collection vehicle
The most commonly used vehicle for domestic garbage and recycling collections. It is only suitable for collection mobile garbage bins up to 360L.
Length overall
10.3m
Wheelbase
5.5m
Rear overhang
3.3m
Turning circle kerb to kerb
R9m
Turning circle wall to wall
R10.5m
Front of vehicle to collection arm
3.8m
Maximum reach of side arm
3.0m
Travel height
4m
Operational height
4.5m
Front-lift loading collection vehicle
Mainly used for collecting commercial and industrial waste, and is only suitable for bulk bins with front-lift pockets (not mobile garbage bins)
Length overall
10.52m
Wheelbase
5m
Turning circle kerb to kerb
R11m
Turning circle wall to wall
R12m
Travel height
4.2m
Operational height
6.0m
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