watermark

SC6.24 Planting species planning scheme policy

Contents

1 Introduction

1.1 Relationship to planning scheme

1.2 Purpose

2 Preferred plant species

3 Undesirable plant species

1 Introduction

1.1 Relationship to planning scheme

This planning scheme policy:

(a) provides information the Council may request for a development application;
(b) provides guidance or advice about satisfying an assessment criteria which identifies this planning scheme policy as providing that guidance or advice;
(c) states a standard for the assessment criteria identified in the following table.
Column 1 –
Section or table in the code
Column 2 –
Assessment criteria reference
Column 3 –
Standard in the planning scheme policy
AO29(c)
All
PO4.2.(b)
All
PO2(d)
All
AO6(a)
All
AO6.2
All
AO16
All
PO18
All
AO18.2
All
PO1
Table 1A
AO10
All
AO4.3(c)
All
AO24.2
All
AO25.2
All
AO30.3
All
AO19
All
AO20
All
AO21.2
All
AO30
All
AO31.1
All
AO32.2
All
AO33
All
AO4.2
All
CO5(a)
All
CO6(a)
All
CO13
All
CO15
All
AO2.2
All
AO3
All
AO7
All
AO9.1
All

1.2 Purpose

This planning scheme policy provides guidance and advice on satisfying assessment criteria and standards for assessment criteria for the selection of appropriate plant species on sites to:

(a) promote urban landscapes that are consistent with Brisbane’s subtropical climate, its natural environment, the existing local character, and specific vegetation themes;
(b) promote the use of local native and non-invasive introduced plant species in landscaping.

Note—This planning scheme policy does not provide guidance on:

2 Preferred plant species

(1) The plant species included in these lists:
(a) are indicative of the diversity of plant forms that contribute to the subtropical landscape character of Brisbane;
(b) are not exhaustive;
(c) have been selected based on their reliability of form and their general growth performance under Brisbane's climatic conditions;
(d) include non-invasive introduced plant species which are appropriate to Brisbane’s climate, associated with the character of particular localities and architectural styles of Brisbane, and not considered undesirable species for landscaping;
(e) are to be selected by suitably qualified persons to ensure they are appropriate for the specific site conditions and application.
(2) A selection of preferred species for planting in different contexts across Brisbane’s built and natural environments are listed in the following tables.
(a) Table 1A—Tall trees over 10m in height at maturity;
(b) Table 1B—Small trees 5m to 10m in height at maturity;
(c) Table 1C—Medium shrubs 2m to 5m in height at maturity;
(d) Table 1D—Low shrubs 0.5m to 2m in height at maturity;
(e) Table 1E—Groundcovers and grasses;
(f) Table 1F—Climbers;
(g) Table 1G—Rushes and sedges;
(h) Table 1H—Wetland areas – trees, shrubs and ground covers;
(i) Table 1I—Wetland areas – rushes, sedges and aquatic plants.
(j) Table 1J—Riparian vegetation
(3) The table gives guidance on relevant selected plant characteristics relating to:
(a) spreading or columnar canopy forms;
(b) fast growing;
(c) screening qualities;
(d) hedge suitability;
(e) suitability for use in car parking areas;
(f) fragrant flowers or leaves;
(g) showy flowers, foliage;
(h) edible parts;
(i) bird, butterfly or frog attracting;
(j) suitability for planting in sandy soils, moist soils, clay soils or in topsoil over clay.
(4) The tables can also be used as a guide when establishing tiered plantings, for example a two-tiered planting may consist of a mixture of small trees and low shrubs, or a three-tiered planting may consist of tall trees, medium shrubs and groundcovers. The requirements and composition of tiers will be site specific.
Table 1A—Tall trees over 10m in height at maturity
Botanical name
Common name
Tall tree planting characteristics

Spreading canopy form

Columnar canopy form

Fast growing

Screen planting

Suitable for car parking areas

Showy flowers

Showy foliage

Edible parts

Bird attracting

Agathis robusta
kauri pine
 
x
x
           
Araucaria bidwillii
Bunya pine
 
x
         
x
 
Araucaria cunninghamii
hoop pine
 
x
             
Araucaria heterophylla
Norfolk Island pine
 
x
             
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
Bangalow palm
 
x
x
           
Brachychiton acerfolius
flame tree
 
x
     
x
x
   
Cassia siamea (syn. Senna siamea)
cassod tree
x
 
x
 
x
x
     
Castanospermum australe
Moreton Bay chestnut
x
               
Celtis paniculata
native elm
x
               
Colvillea racemosa
Colville’s glory
 
x
     
x
x
   
Corymbia citriodora subsp. variegata
spotted gum
 
x
x
         
x
Corymbia tesselaris
Moreton Bay ash
 
x
           
x
Cryptocarya triplinervis
three veined laurel
x
             
x
Cupaniopsis anacardioides
tuckeroo
x
     
x
       
Delonix regia
poinciana
x
       
x
     
Elaeocarpus grandis
blue quandong
 
x
x
     
x
   
Eucalyptus microcorys
tallowood
x
 
x
         
x
Eucalyptus racemosa
scribbly gum
x
 
x
         
x
Eucalyptus tereticornis
forest red gum
x
 
x
         
x
Ficus macrophylla
Moreton Bay fig
x
             
x
Ficus macrocarpa
Hills weeping fig
x
             
x
Ficus obliqua
small leaved fig
x
             
x
Ficus rubiginosa
rock fig
x
             
x
Flindersia australis
Crows ash
x
               
Flindersia bennettiana
Bennette’s ash
x
               
Flindersia brayleyana
Queensland maple
x
 
x
 
x
       
Flindersia schottiana
bumpy ash
x
     
x
       
Gmelina leichhardtii
white beech
   
x
           
Grevillea robusta
silky oak
 
x
     
x
   
x
Harpullia pendula
tulipwood
x
     
x
       
Jacaranda mimosifolia
jacaranda

Editor's note—Not to be planted near bushland areas.

x
       
x
     
Livistona australis
cabbage palm
 
x
             
Lophostemon confertus
brush box
x
             
x
Macadamia integrifolia
bush nut
x
           
x
 
Mangifera indica
mango
x
           
x
 
Melaleuca leucadendron
weeping paperbark
 
x
   
x
     
x
Melaleuca quinquenervia
broad-leaved paperbark
 
x
   
x
     
x
Peltophorum pterocarpum
yellow poinciana
x
     
x
x
     
Podocarpus elatus
brown pine
   
x
           
Schotia brachypetala
Kaffir bean
x
     
x
     
x
Syzygium australe
scrub cherry
x
   
x
     
x
x
Syzygium francisii
rose satinash
x
   
x
       
x
Syzygium luehmannii
small-leaved lilly pilly
x
   
x
     
x
x
Tabebuia argentea
silver trumpet tree
x
       
x
     
Tabebuia rosea
pink trumpet tree
x
     
x
x
     
Waterhousia floribunda
weeping satinash
x
 
x
x
x
     
x
Table 1B—Small trees 5m to 10m in height at maturity
Botanical name
Common name
Small tree planting characteristics

Fast growing

Screen planting

Suitable for car parking areas

Fragrant (flowers or leaves)

Showy flowers

Showy foliage

Edible parts

Bird attracting

Acmena smithii
lilly pilly
 
x
         
x
Acronychia imperforata
coastal aspen
x
x
       
x
x
Allocasuarina littoralis
black she oak
x
             
Alloxylon flammeum
tree waratah
   
x
 
x
     
Atractocarpus fitzalanii (syn. Randia fitzalanii)
brown gardenia
 
x
 
x
       
Auranticarpa rhombifolium (syn. Pittosporum rhombifolium)
diamond piltosporum
 
x
   
x
x
 
x
Backhousia citriodora
lemon myrtle
 
x
 
x
   
x
 
Backhousia myrtifolia
grey myrtle
 
x
   
x
     
Banksia integrifolia
coast banksia
       
x
   
x
Barklya syringifolia
crown of gold
 
x
   
x
x
   
Brachychiton discolour
lacebark tree
   
x
 
x
     
Buckinghamia celsissima
ivory curl tree
   
x
x
x
     
Callistemon 'Eureka'
pink bottlebrush
   
x
 
x
   
x
Callistemon salignus Rubra (syn. Melaleuca salicina)
bottlebrush
 
x
x
 
x
   
x
Callitris columellaris
Bribie Island pine
 
x
     
x
 
x
Cordyline petiolaris
broad-leaved palm lilly
         
x
   
Cupaniopsis parvifolia
small-leaved tuckeroo
   
x
   
x
 
x
Cyathea australis
rough tree fern
         
x
   
Cyathea cooperi
scaly tree fern
x
       
x
   
Diploglottis campbellii
small-leaved tamarind
           
x
 
Elaeocarpus eumundi
Eumundi quandong
 
x
x
x
 
x
   
Elaeocarpus obovatus
hard quandong
 
x
     
x
 
x
Elaeocarpus reticulatus
blue berry ash
x
x
   
x
x
 
x
Ficus carica
edible fig
           
x
 
Gossia bidwillii (syn. Austromyrtus bidwillii)
python tree
         
x
   
Gossia gonoclada (syn. Austromyrtus gonoclada)
angle-stemmed myrtle
 
x
     
x
 
x
Grevillea baileyana
white oak
x
 
x
 
x
x
 
x
Hymenosporum flavum
native frangipani
     
x
       
Jagera pseudorhus
foam bark
         
x
 
x
Lagerstroemia indica
crepe myrtle
x
x
x
 
x
x
   
Melaleuca bracteata
river tea tree
   
x
       
x
Melaleuca linariifolia
flax-leaf paperbark
 
x
x
x
x
x
 
x
Melicope elleryana (syn. Euodia elleryana)
pink euodia
       
x
   
x
Milletia pinnata (syn. Pongamia pinnata)
native wisteria tree
       
x
     
Myrsine variabilis (syn. Rapanea variabilis)
muttonwood
 
x
         
x
Phaleria clerodendron
native daphne
     
x
x
     
Pittosporum undulatum
sweet pittosporum
     
x
     
x
Plumeria obtusa
evergreen frangipani
   
x
x
x
     
Plumeria rubra
frangipani
     
x
x
     
Polyscias murrayi
pencil cedar
x
           
x
Polyscias elegans
celerywood
x
           
x
Sterculia quadrifida
peanut tree
x
         
x
x
Stenocarpus sinuatus
wheel of fire tree
       
x
x
 
x
Syzygium hempilamprum (syn. Acmena hemilampra)
broad-leaved lilly pilly
 
x
     
x
 
x
Syzygium oleosum
blue lilly pilly
x
x
     
x
x
x
Thaleropia queenslandica (syn. Metrosideros queenslandica)
Queensland myrtle
 
x
   
x
     
Toechima tenax
brush teak
 
x
         
x
Xanthostemon chrysanthus
golden penda
 
x
   
x
     
Table 1C—Medium shrubs 2m to 5m in height at maturity
Botanical name
Common name
Medium shrub planting characteristics

Fast growing

Screen planting

Hedge

Suitable for car parking areas

Fragrant (flowers or leaves)

Showy flowers

Showy foliage

Edible parts

Bird attracting

Butterfly attracting

Topsoil over clay

Acacia complanata
Flat-stemmed wattle
x
       
x
   
x
x
 
Acacia fimbriata
Brisbane wattle
x
x
     
x
   
x
x
 
Acacia o'shanesii
green wattle
x
x
     
x
   
x
x
 
Acacia podalyriifolia
Queensland silver wattle
x
x
     
x
x
 
x
x
x
Baeckea virgata
twiggy heath myrtle
 
x
     
x
     
x
x
Bougainvillea species
bougainvillea
 
x
x
   
x
       
x
Brachychiton bidwillii
little kurrajong
         
x
   
x
x
x
Callistemon species (now Melaleuca species)
bottlebrush
                     
Carica papaya
paw-paw
x
           
x
     
Citrus australasica (syn. Microcitrus australasica)
native finger lime
       
x
   
x
 
x
x
Citrus australis
Gympie lime
       
x
   
x
 
x
x
Citrus sinensis var Valencia
Valencia orange
       
x
   
x
 
x
x
Croton insularis
silver croton
x
         
x
 
x
x
x
Cryptocarya laevigata
glossy laurel
 
x
 
x
x
x
   
x
   
Decaspermum humile
silky myrtle
x
             
x
   
Dodonaea viscosa
hop bush
x
                   
Doryanthes excelsa
gymea lily
     
x
 
x
   
x
   
Doryanthes palmeri
spear lily
     
x
 
x
   
x
   
Eucalyptus curtisii
plunkett mallee
x
   
x
 
x
   
x
 
x
Graptophyllum excelsum
scarlet fuschia
x
x
x
   
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea banksii
Banks' grevillea
x
x
 
x
 
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea banksii alba
Banks' grevillea – white form
x
x
 
x
 
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea 'Firesprite'
 
x
x
     
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea 'Honey Gem'
 
x
x
     
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea hookeriana
 
x
x
     
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea 'Kay Williams'
 
x
x
     
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea 'Lime Spider'
 
x
x
     
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea 'Majestic'
 
x
x
     
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea 'Orange Marmalade'
marmalade grevillea
x
x
     
x
   
x
x
x
Grevillea pteridifolia
fern leaf grevillea
x
x
     
x
x
 
x
x
x
Leptospermum petersonii
lemon-scented tea-tree
 
x
 
x
x
x
 
x
 
x
x
Malaleuca saligna (syn. Callistemon salignus)
white bottlebrush
 
x
 
x
 
x
   
x
   
Melaleuca sieberi
small-leaved paperbark
         
x
   
x
 
x
Malaleuca viminalis (syn. Callistemon viminalis)
weeping bottlebrush
 
x
 
x
 
x
   
x
   
Melastoma malabathricum (syn. Melastoma affine)
native lasiandra
x
       
x
       
x
Michelia figo
port wine magnolia
 
x
x
 
x
x
x
   
x
x
Myoporum acuminatum
coastal boobialla
x
x
           
x
x
x
Pavetta australiensis
pavetta
x
     
x
x
   
x
x
x
Pittosporum revolutum
yellow pittosporum
     
x
       
x
   
Prostanthera ovalifolia
purple mint-bush
x
     
x
x
     
x
x
Syzygium 'Aussie Copper'
 
x
x
x
   
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium 'Aussie Southern'
 
x
x
x
   
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium australe
scrub cherry
x
x
x
   
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium australe 'Bush Christmas'
 
x
x
x
   
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium 'Blaze'
 
x
x
x
   
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium 'Bush Christmas'
 
x
x
x
   
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium 'Elite'
 
x
x
x
   
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium wilsonii subsp. wilsonii
powderpuff lilly pilly
x
x
x
   
x
x
x
x
x
x
Table 1D—Low shrubs 0.5m to 2m in height at maturity
Botanical name
Common name
Low shrub planting characteristics

Fast growing

Screen planting

Suitable for car parking areas

Shade tolerant

Fragrant (flowers or leaves)

Showy flowers

Showy foliage

Edible parts

Bird attracting

Butterfly attracting

Topsoil over clay

Alpinia caerulea
native ginger
x
x
 
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Asplenium australasicum
bird’s nest fern
x
   
x
   
x
     
x
Austromyrtus dulcis
midgen
   
x
     
x
x
x
x
x
Banksia robur
broad leaved banskia
x
 
x
   
x
x
 
x
x
x
Banksia spinulosa
golden candlesticks
   
x
   
x
x
 
x
x
x
Bromeliaceae species
bromeliads
     
x
 
x
x
     
x
Brunfelsia australis
yesterday, today and tomorrow
x
x
   
x
x
     
x
x
Codiaeum variegatum
croton
     
x
   
x
     
x
Cordyline petiolaris
broad leaf palm lily
     
x
   
x
 
x
x
x
Cordyline rubra
red-fruited palm lily
     
x
   
x
 
x
x
x
Cordyline stricta
narrow leaf palm lily
     
x
   
x
     
x
Crinum pedunculatum
swamp lily
x
x
 
x
 
x
x
   
x
x
Gardenia jasminoides
gardenia
       
x
x
     
x
x
Goodenia ovata
hop goodenia
x
 
x
   
x
     
x
x
Graptophyllum ilicifolium
holly fuschia
     
x
 
x
x
       
Grevillea 'Forest Rambler'
forest rambler
x
             
x
x
x
Grevillea 'Golden Lyre'
golden lyre
x
x
x
   
x
   
x
x
x
Leptospermum polygalifolium
wild may
         
x
     
x
x
Lomandra longifolia
spiny-headed mat rush
x
 
x
     
x
   
x
x
Melaleuca linariifolia 'Claret Tops'
claret tops
   
x
     
x
   
x
x
Orthosiphon aristatus
cat’s whiskers
x
       
x
   
x
x
x
Philodendron 'Xanadu'
 
x
   
x
   
x
     
x
Phyllanthus multiflorus
phyllanthus
   
x
     
x
     
x
Syzygium australe 'Aussie Boomer'
 
x
x
     
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium 'Lillyput'
 
x
x
     
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium 'Minipilly'
 
x
x
     
x
x
x
x
x
x
Syzygium 'Tiny Trev'
 
x
x
     
x
x
x
x
x
x
Westringia fruticosa
coastal rosemary
         
x
x
   
x
x
Zingiber spectabile
beehive ginger
x
   
x
x
x
x
 
x
x
x
Table 1E—Groundcovers and grasses
Botanical name
Common name
Groundcovers and grasses planting characteristics

Fast growing

Water sensitive urban design – swales

Suitable for car parking areas

Sandy soils

Fragrant

Showy flowers

Showy foliage

Edible parts

Moist soils

Clay soils

Bird attracting

Butterfly attracting

Topsoil over clay

Adiantum hispidulum
rough maidenhair fern
           
x
 
x
       
Allium fistulosum
spring onion
x
     
x
   
x
     
x
x
Bacopa monnieri
bacopa
x
x
     
x
 
x
x
   
x
x
Carpobrotus glaucescens
pigface
x
 
x
x
 
x
x
x
     
x
x
Chrysocephalum apiculatum
yellow buttons
x
 
x
x
 
x
x
       
x
x
Cissus antarctica
kangaroo vine
x
                 
x
 
x
Curculigo capitulate
palm grass
x
         
x
         
x
Cymbopogon refractus
barbed wire grass
x
x
 
x
   
x
 
x
x
x
x
x
Dianella brevipendunculata
flax lily
   
x
x
   
x
     
x
 
x
Dianella caerulea
blue flax lily
   
x
x
   
x
     
x
 
x
Dianella caerulea ‘Breeze’
     
x
x
   
x
     
x
 
x
Dianella caerulea ‘Little Jess’
     
x
x
   
x
     
x
 
x
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia
pale flax lily
   
x
x
   
x
     
x
 
x
Dianella tasmanica
Tasman flax lily
 
x
 
x
   
x
     
x
 
x
Dichelachne crinita
long-haired plume grass
x
x
 
x
 
x
     
x
   
x
Dietes bicolour
dietes
x
x
x
x
 
x
   
x
x
 
x
x
Dietes grandiflora
dietes
x
x
x
x
 
x
   
x
x
 
x
x
Doodia aspera
rasp fern
x
         
x
 
x
     
x
Eragrostis elongata ‘Elvera’
 
x
x
 
x
   
x
 
x
x
   
x
Eruca sativa
rocket
x
           
x
       
x
Eustrephus latifolius
wombat berry
x
   
x
 
x
 
x
x
x
x
x
x
Fragaria x ananassa
strawberry
x
       
x
x
x
x
   
x
x
Grevillea 'Bronze Rambler'
       
x
 
x
       
x
x
x
Grevillea 'Fanfare'
       
x
 
x
         
x
x
Imperata cylindrical
blady grass
x
x
 
x
   
x
 
x
x
   
x
Liriope muscari ‘Evergreen Giant’
 
x
x
x
x
   
x
 
x
x
   
x
Myoporum elipticum
coastal myoporum
x
 
x
                 
x
Myoporum parvifolium
creeping boobialla
x
x
 
x
           
x
x
x
Paspalum distichum
water couch
x
x
 
x
       
x
x
   
x
Paspalum vaginatum ‘Saltine’
salt water couch
x
x
 
x
       
x
x
   
x
Pennisetum alopecuroides
swamp foxtail
x
x
 
x
   
x
 
x
x
   
x
Pennisetum alopecuroides ‘Nafray’
fountain grass
x
x
 
x
   
x
 
x
x
   
x
Phyla nodiflora
condamine couch
x
   
x
 
x
         
x
x
Poa labillardiere ‘Eskdale’
 
x
x
 
x
   
x
 
x
x
   
x
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostrate'
prostrate rosemary
     
x
x
x
x
x
     
x
x
Scaevola albida
Small-fruited blue fan flower
x
   
x
 
x
         
x
x
Sporobolus virginicus
marine couch
x
x
 
x
       
x
x
     
Themeda australis ‘Mingo’
mingo
x
x
 
x
   
x
 
x
x
x
 
x
Themeda triandra
kangaroo grass
x
x
 
x
   
x
 
x
x
x
 
x
Thymus vulgaris
common thyme
     
x
x
x
x
x
     
x
x
Viola banksii (syn. Viola hederacea)
native violet
x
       
x
   
x
x
 
x
x
Zephyranthes species
rain lily
x
   
x
 
x
   
x
x
 
x
x
Zoysia tenuifolia
no mow grass
     
x
   
x
         
x
Table 1F—Climbers
Botanical name
Common name
Climbers planting characteristics

Salt tolerant

Sandy soils

Fragrant (flowers or leaves)

Showy flowers

Showy foliage

Edible parts

Bird attracting

Butterfly attracting

Aphanopetalum resinosum
gum vine
     
x
   
x
x
Bauhinia corymbosa
bauhinia vine
     
x
x
     
Hardenbergia violacea
native sarsaparilla vine
 
x
 
x
     
x
Hibbertia scandens
snake vine
x
x
 
x
   
x
x
Hoya australis
wax flower
   
x
x
     
x
Jasminium polyanthum
jasmine
   
x
x
       
Kennedia rubicunda
dusky coral pea
     
x
       
Pandorea jasminoides
bower vine
     
x
   
x
x
Pandorea pandorana
wonga wonga vine
     
x
   
x
x
Pararistolochia praevenosa
birdwing butterfly vine
             
x
Passiflora edulis
passionfruit
     
x
 
x
x
x
Piper hederaceum
pepper vine
         
x
x
x
Tecomanthe hillii
Fraser Island creeper
 
x
 
x
   
x
x
Trachelospermum jasminoides
star jasmine
   
x
x
     
x
Table 1G—Rushes and sedges
Botanical name
Common name
Rushes and sedges planting characteristics

Water sensitive urban design – swales

Salt tolerant

Sandy soils

Shade tolerant

Bird attracting

Butterfly attracting

Frog attracting

Clay soils

Carex appressa
tussock sedge
x
 
x
         
Carex fascicularis
tassel sedge
x
 
x
         
Carex gaudichaudiana
tea tree swamp sedge
x
 
x
         
Carex polyantha
strand sedge
x
 
x
         
Carex pumila
coastal sedge
x
x
           
Cyperus gunnii
flecked flat-sedge
x
 
x
         
Cyperus polystachyos
bunchy sedge
x
             
Fincia nodosa (syn. Isolepis nodosa)
knobby club rush
x
             
Gahnia aspera
saw sedge
x
             
Gahnia sieberiana
red-fruited saw sedge
x
             
Juncus kraussii
sea rush
x
             
Juncus usitatus
common rush
x
             
Lepidosperma laterale
variable sword sedge
x
             
Lomandra confertifolia
mat rush
x
             
Lomandra hystrix
creek mat rush
     
x
       
Lomandra longifolia
spiny-headed mat rush
     
x
       
Lomandra longifolia cv ‘Katrinus’
       
x
       
Lomandra longifolia cv ‘Tanika’
       
x
       
Table 1H—Wetland areas – trees, shrubs and ground covers
Botanical name
Common name
Trees, shrubs and ground covers planting characteristics

Pool

Deep marsh

Marsh

Shallow marsh

Ephemeral marsh

Banks/ Batters

Frog attracting

Banksia robur
broad-leaved banksia
         
x
 
Casuarina cunninghamiana
river she-oak
         
x
 
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia
pale flax-lily
         
x
 
Elaeocarpus obovatus
hard quandong
         
x
 
Eucalyptus tereticornis
forest red gum
         
x
 
Eucalyptus ovata
swamp gum
         
x
 
Glochidion sumatranum
button wood
         
x
 
Leptospermum polygalifolium
wild may
         
x
 
Lomandra filiformis subsp. filiformis
wattle mat rush
         
x
 
Lomandra longifolia
spiny-headed mat rush
         
x
x
Lophostemon suaveolens
swamp box
         
x
 
Melaleuca bracteata
river tea tree
         
x
 
Melaleuca linariifolia
flax-leaf paperbark
         
x
 
Melaleuca nodosa
prickly-leaved paperbark
         
x
 
Melaleuca quinquenervia
broad-leaved paperbark
         
x
 
Melaleuca saligna (syn. Callistemon salignus)
white bottlebrush
         
x
 
Melaleuca sieberi
small-leaved paperbark
         
x
 
Melaleuca viminalis (syn. Callistemon viminalis)
weeping bottlebrush
         
x
 
Melastoma malabathricum
native lasiandra
         
x
 
Myoporum acuminatum
coastal boobialla
         
x
 
Poa labillardieri
tussock grass
         
x
 
Viola hederacea
native violet
         
x
 

Note—The terms relate to the following water depths or height above the water surface:

(1) pool – water depth of 1.5m to 0.5m;

(2) deep marsh – water depth of 0.5m to 0.35m;

(3) marsh – water depth of 0.35m to 0.2m;

(4) shallow marsh – water depth of 0.2m to 0m;

(5) ephemeral marsh – above water surface height 0m to +0.2m;

(6) banks/ batters – above water surface height +0.2m to +0.5m.

Table 1I—Wetland areas – rushes, sedges and aquatic plants
Botanical name
Common name
Rushes, sedges and aquatic plants planting characteristics

Pool

Deep marsh

Marsh

Shallow marsh

Ephemeral marsh

Banks/ Batters

Frog attracting

Baumea arthrophylla
fine twig-rush
   
x
       
Baumea articulata
jointed twig-rush
 
x
         
Baumea juncea
bare twig-rush
     
x
     
Baumea rubiginosa
soft twig-rush
 
x
x
       
Bolboschoenus caldwellii
sea club-rush
   
x
x
     
Bolboschoenus fluviatalis
marsh club-rush
 
x
x
x
     
Carex appressa
tussock sedge
       
x
   
Carex breviculmis
short-stem sedge
         
x
 
Carex fascicularis
tassel sedge
     
x
     
Carex gaudichaudiana
tea tree swampsedge
     
x
     
Carex inversa
knob sedge
       
x
   
Carex polyantha
creek sedge
       
x
   
Carex pumila
strand sedge
         
x
 
Cyperus exaltatus
giant sedge
     
x
     
Cyperus gunnii
flecked flat sedge
       
x
   
Cyperus polystachyos
bunchy sedge
         
x
 
Eleocharis acuta
common spike-rush
     
x
     
Eleocharis dulcis
water chestnut
     
x
     
Eleocharis equisetina
sag
     
x
     
Eleocharis pusilla
small spike-rush
     
x
     
Eleocharis sphacelata
tall spike-rush
 
x
         
Ficnia nodosa (syn. Isolepis nodosa)
knobby club-rush
     
x
     
Gahnia clarkei
tall saw-sedge
         
x
 
Gahnia siberiana
red-fruited saw sedge
         
x
 
Isolepis inundata
swamp club-rush
     
x
     
Juncus flavidus
yellow rush
       
x
   
Juncus pristmatocarpus
branching rush
       
x
   
Juncus subsecundus
finger rush
     
x
     
Juncus usitatus
common rush
     
x
     
Lepidosperma laterale var. laterale
variable sword-sedge
       
x
   
Lepidosperma longitudinale
common sword-sedge
       
x
   
Lepironia articulata
grey rush
   
x
       
Myriophyllum papillosum
common water-milfoil
x
           
Myriophyllum verrucosum
red water-milfoil
x
           
Phylidrium lanuginosum
woolly water lily
     
x
     
Potamogeton crispus
curly pondweed
x
           
Potamogeton ochreatus
blunt pondweed
x
           
Restio pallens
cord rush
     
x
     
Restio tetraphyllus
tassel cord-rush
     
x
     
Schoenoplectus litoralis
mangrove club-rush
 
x
         
Schoenoplectus mucronatus
triangular club-rush
   
x
       
Schoenoplectus validus
river club-rush
 
x
         
Schoenus apogon
flukebog-rush
         
x
 
Triglochin procererum
water-ribbons
   
x
       
Vallisneria gigantea
ribbonweed
x
           
Vallisneria nana
eelgrass
x
           

Note—The terms relate to the following water depths or height above the water surface:

(1) pool – water depth of 1.5m to 0.5m;

(2) deep marsh – water depth of 0.5m to 0.35m;

(3) marsh – water depth of 0.35m to 0.2m;

(4) shallow marsh – water depth of 0.2m to 0m;

(5) ephemeral marsh – above water surface height 0m to +0.2m;

(6) banks/ batters – above water surface height +0.2m to +0.5m.

Table 1J - Riparian vegetation
Botanical Name
Common Name

Emergent/Herb Layer plants suitable for planting on bank toe

Trees suitable for planting on bank toe

Herb Layer plants suitable for planting on middle bank area

Trees suitable for planting on the middle bank area

Herb Layer plants suitable for planting on level ground at the top of bank and upper section of bank

Trees suitable for planting on level ground at the top of bank and upper section of bank

Herb Layer plants suitable for planting on lowlands, where water may be retained

Trees suitable for planting on lowlands, where water may be retained

Herbaceous species with attributes for bank protection

Tree species with attributes for bank protection

Acmena smithii
lilly pilly
 
x
 
x
         
x
Alphitonia excelsa
red ash
     
x
 
x
       
Aphananthe philippinensis
axe handle wood
     
x
 
x
     
x
Araucaria cunninghamii
hoop pine
     
x
 
x
       
Argyrodendron trifoliolatum
booyong
     
x
 
x
       
Melaleuca viminalis (syn. Callistemon viminalis)
weeping bottlebrush
 
x
             
x
Carex appressa
tussock sedge
x
         
x
 
x
 
Castanospermum australe
Moreton Bay chestnut
     
x
 
x
     
x
Casuarina cunninghamian
river she-oak
     
x
 
x
     
x
Corymbia citriodora
spotted gum
         
x
       
Corymbia intermedia
pink bloodwood
         
x
       
Corymbia tessellaris
carbeen
         
x
       
Crinum pedunculatum
swamp lily
x
 
x
     
x
     
Cryptocarya glaucescens
bolly laurel
     
x
 
x
       
Cryptocarya triplinervis
three veined laurel
     
x
 
x
     
x
Cymbopogan refractus
barb wire grass
       
x
         
Cyperus difformis
dirty dora
           
x
 
x
 
Dianella caerulea
blue flax lily
       
x
         
Dissiliaria baloghioides
lancewood
     
x
 
x
       
Echinochloa telmatophila
swamp barnyard grass
x
         
x
     
Elaeocarpus grandis
blue quandong
         
x
       
Elaeocarpus obovatus
hard quandong
     
x
 
x
     
x
Eucalyptus microcorys
tallowood
     
x
 
x
       
Eucalyptus propinqua
grey gum
             
x
   
Eucalyptus siderophloia
northern grey ironbark
     
x
 
x
       
Eucalyptus tereticornis
forest red gum
     
x
 
x
 
x
   
Ficus fraseri
sandpaper fig
     
x
         
x
Ficus macrophylla
Moreton Bay fig
     
x
         
x
Flindersia australis
Crows ash
     
x
 
x
       
Flindersia bennettiana
Bennette’s ash
     
x
 
x
       
Flindersia schottiana
bumpy ash
     
x
 
x
       
Grevillea robusta
silky oak
     
x
 
x
       
Hymenosporum flavum
native frangipani
         
x
       
Jagera pseudorhus
foam bark
     
x
 
x
       
Juncus usitatus
common rush
x
         
x
 
x
 
Leptospermum polygalifolium
wild may
 
x
       
x
   
x
Lomandra longifolia
spiny-headed mat rush
x
 
x
 
x
 
x
 
x
 
Lophostemon confertus
brush box
         
x
       
Lophostemon suaveolens
swamp box
         
x
 
x
   
Mallotus philippensis
kamala
     
x
 
x
       
Melaleuca bracteata
river tea tree
     
x
     
x
   
Melaleuca quinquenervia
broad leaved paperbark
     
x
 
x
 
x
   
Melaleuca salgna (syn. Callistemon salignus)
white bottlebrush
             
x
   
Melia azedarach
cape lilac
     
x
 
x
       
Philydrum lanuginosum
frogsmouth
x
         
x
     
Phragmites australis
cane grass
               
x
 
Polyscias elegans
celerywood
     
x
 
x
       
Schoenoplectus mucronatus
triangular club-rush
           
x
     
Themeda triandra
kangaroo grass
x
 
x
 
x
 
x
     
Toona ciliata
red cedar
     
x
 
x
       
Triglochin procererum
water-ribbons
x
         
x
     
Triglochin striatum
streaked arrowgrass
x
         
x
     
Waterhousia floribunda
weeping satinash
 
x
 
x
 
x
     
x

3 Undesirable plant species

(1) Undesirable plant species to be avoided in landscaping are comprised of:
(a) pest plant species declared by the Queensland Government as Class 1, 2 or 3 plants under the Land Protection (Pest and Stock Route Management) Act 2002 and the Land Protection (Pest and Stock Route Management) Regulations 2003;
(b) pest plant species declared by Council under the Brisbane Invasive Species Management Plan.

These undesirable plant species are not to be used in any landscaping works due to the ecological, economic and social impacts they may cause.

^ Back to Top