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9.4.5 Landscape work code

9.4.5.1 Application

(1) This code applies to assessing:
(a) landscape work documents such as a landscape concept plan or a detailed landscape plan which requires a compliance certificate as a condition of a development permit; or
(b) operational work for landscape work which requires a compliance permit or is assessable development if this code is identified as a prescribed secondary code in the assessment criteria column of a table of assessment for operational work (section 5.8); or
(c) a material change of use or reconfiguring a lot if:
(i) assessable development where this code is identified as a prescribed secondary code in the assessment criteria column of a table of assessment for material change of use (section 5.5) or reconfiguring a lot (section 5.6); or
(ii) impact assessable development, to the extent relevant.
(2) When using this code, reference should be made to section 1.5 and section 5.3.3.

Note—Where this code includes performance outcomes or acceptable outcomes that relate to:

Editor’s note—For a proposal to be compliance assessable, it must meet all the compliance outcomes of this code and any other applicable code. Where it does not meet all compliance outcomes, the proposal becomes assessable development and a development application is required. Where a development application is triggered, only the specific compliance outcome that the proposal fails to meet needs to be assessed against the corresponding acceptable outcome or performance outcome. Other compliance outcomes that are met are not assessed as part of the development application.

9.4.5.2 Purpose

(1) The purpose of the Landscape work code is to assess the suitability of the landscape work aspect of development.
(2) The purpose of the code will be achieved through the following overall outcomes:
(a) Landscape work retains, protects and integrates significant on-site vegetation into development design.
(b) Landscape work ensures acoustic barriers and landscaping create effective buffers to adjacent sites.
(c) Landscape work documents provide for sustainable, effective, functional and safe landscape design.
(d) Landscape work ensures planting species selection is appropriate to the development's context and function.

9.4.5.3 Assessment criteria

Part A—Development requiring compliance assessment

The following table identifies the assessment criteria for development requiring compliance assessment.

9.4.5.3.A—Criteria for development requiring compliance assessment
Compliance outcomes
Section A—Condition of a development permit
CO1
Landscape work is undertaken in accordance with the standards and requirements in the conditions of a development permit for the development.
Section B—If lodging a development application for operational work in conjunction with a development application for a material change of use
CO2
Trees identified in a landscape concept plan or development approval are to be retained and protected in accordance with AS 4970-2009 Protection of trees on development sites.
CO3
Tree surgery and pruning is carried out in accordance with AS 4373-2007 Pruning of amenity trees for:
(a) vegetation damaged as a result of the development;
(b) vegetation requiring pruning of branches or roots.
CO4
An acoustic barrier or fence which is required by a use code, to be provided along a street frontage or within the site:
(a) is designed in accordance with the structures standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy;
(b) incorporates elements of visual interest appropriate to the scale of the development for a fence or acoustic barriers over 40m long;
(c) incorporates a gate for maintenance access which is to the street frontage side of the fence or acoustic barrier where a gate can open onto a publicly accessible area within the site;
(d) incorporates a gate or appropriately designed opening for public pedestrian access where linking two publicly accessible areas.
CO5
A planting buffer which is required by a use code for acoustic barrier or fence incorporates:
(a) species in accordance with the Planting species planning scheme policy;
(b) a minimum of 2 tier planting.
CO6
A landscape buffer which is required by a use code incorporates:
(a) species in accordance with the Planting species planning scheme policy;
(b) a minimum of 2 tier planting.
CO7
Drainage of a podium planter is connected to the stormwater drain and allows for flush out.
CO8
Species are to ensure the long-term performance and access requirements of the landscape.
CO9
Podium planting is provided in compliance with BSD-9010, BSD-9011, BSD-9012.
CO10
Plant selection along a pathway ensures:
(a) a clear trunk height of a minimum 2m at maturity;
(b) a shrub height of a maximum 0.7m at maturity.

Refer to the Crime prevention through environmental design planning scheme policy.

CO11
Landscaping and mounding do not interfere with visibility along a pathway.

Refer to the Crime prevention through environmental design planning scheme policy.

CO12
Landscape design provides cues to distinguish between a public area, a semi-public area and a private area.

Note—Cues could include changes in level, surface or landscape treatment or fencing.

CO13
Species are selected in accordance with the Planting species planning scheme policy.
CO14
Planting densities and stock sizes are based on achieving full coverage of the mulched planting area in 2 years.
CO15
Species in a car park are selected in accordance with Planting species planning scheme policy.
CO16
A planting area in a car parking area is protected by wheel stops or bollards.
CO17
A shade structure in a car park is built to allow unimpeded access to natural sunlight and rainwater for landscaping and shade trees.
CO18
A retaining wall:
(a) is designed and constructed in compliance with the structures standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy and certified by a Registered Professional Engineer Queensland;
(b) incorporates planting areas.
CO19
Landscaping is designed using the standards in the Landscape design guidelines for water conservation planning scheme policy.
CO20
Irrigation design and requirements are provided in accordance with the standards in the Landscape design guidelines for water conservation planning scheme policy.
CO21
All areas of pavement, turf and mulched garden beds are adequately drained.

Note—This may be achieved through the provision and/or treatment of swales, spoon drains, field gullies, sub-surface drainage and stormwater connections.

CO22
All turf areas on the site are accessible externally by standard lawn maintenance equipment and receive adequate sunlight.
CO23
A reticulated irrigation system is provided to the common landscape and recreation areas and all podium planters irrigated by tank water and the control device are located in a common area.
CO24
One hose cock is provided within each private landscape and recreation area.
CO25
Landscaping uses appropriate materials to maintain the function of an overland flow path.
CO26
CO27
Plant species are selected and sited taking into consideration the location and access requirements of overhead and underground services.

The following table indicates which corresponding acceptable outcomes and performance outcomes apply to assessable development when not meeting a specific compliance outcome.

Table 9.4.5.3.B—Corresponding acceptable and performance outcomes that apply when a development does not meet a compliance outcome
Compliance outcome
Acceptable outcome
Performance outcome
CO1
All
All
CO2
AO1.1
PO1
CO3
AO1.2
PO1
CO4
AO2.1
PO2
CO5
AO2.2
PO2
CO6
AO3
PO3
CO7
AO4.1
PO4
CO8
AO4.2
PO4
CO9
AO4.3
PO4
CO10
AO5.1
PO5
CO11
AO5.2
PO5
CO12
AO6
PO6
CO13
AO7
PO7
CO14
AO8
PO8
CO15
AO9.1
PO9
CO16
AO9.2
PO9
CO17
AO10
PO10
CO18
AO11
PO11
CO19
AO12.1
PO12
CO20
AO12.2
PO12
CO21
AO12.3
PO12
CO22
AO13.1
PO13
CO23
AO13.2
PO13
CO24
AO13.3
PO13
CO25
AO13.4
PO13
CO26
AO13.5
PO13
CO27
AO14
PO14

Part B—Criteria for assessable development

The following table identifies the assessment criteria for assessable development.
Table 9.4.5.3.C–—Criteria for assessable development
Performance outcomes
Acceptable outcomes
PO1
Development ensures that trees are protected from development impacts.
AO1.1
Development ensures that trees identified in a landscape concept plan or development approval are retained and protected in accordance with AS 4970-2009 – Protection of trees on development sites.
AO1.2
Development ensures that tree surgery and pruning is carried out in accordance with AS 4373-2007 Pruning of amenity trees for:
(a) vegetation damaged as a result of the development;
(b) vegetation requiring pruning of branches and/or roots.
PO2
Development provides acoustic barriers and long fences along street frontages which:
(a) are enhanced by appropriate planting;
(b) are of high visual quality;
(c) are designed for longevity;
(d) provide maintenance access and promote pedestrian permeability in appropriate circumstances.
AO2.1
Development ensures that an acoustic barrier or fence which is required by a use code to be provided along a fence or within the site:
(a) is designed in compliance with the standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy;
(b) incorporates elements of visual interest appropriate to the scale of the development for a fence or acoustic barrier over 40m long;
(c) incorporates a gate for maintenance access to the street frontage side of the barrier or fence if a gate can open on to a publicly accessible area within the site;
(d) incorporates a gate or appropriately designed opening for public pedestrian access where linking two publicly accessible areas.
AO2.2
Development ensures that a planting buffer required by a use code for an acoustic barrier or fence incorporates:
(a) species in accordance with the Planting species planning scheme policy;
(b) a minimum of 2 tier planting.
PO3
Development provides species as a screen or buffer which maintain the amenity of adjoining premises.
AO3
Development ensures that a landscape buffer required by a use code incorporates:
(a) species in accordance with the Planting species planning scheme policy;
(b) a minimum of 2 tier planting.
PO4
Development has artificial growing environments which:
(a) maximise opportunities for high-quality landscape planting;
(b) incorporate water conservation measures.
AO4.1
Development provides drainage for podium planters which is connected to the stormwater drain and allows for flush out.
AO4.2
Development provides species which are chosen to ensure the long-term performance and access requirements of the landscape.
AO4.3
Development provides podium planting in compliance with BSD-9010, BSD-9011, BSD-9012.
PO5
Development provides landscaping in a common area which provides for clear sightlines and good visibility to entrance and exit points.
AO5.1
Development incorporates a plant selection along a pathway which ensures:
(a) a clear trunk height of minimum 1.8m at maturity;
(b) a shrub height of maximum 1m at maturity.

Refer to the Crime prevention through environmental design planning scheme policy.

AO5.2
Landscaping and mounding do not interfere with visibility along a pathway.

Refer to the Crime prevention through environmental design planning scheme policy.

PO6
Development provides landscaping which supports a legible environment that can be safely navigated by pedestrians and cyclists.
AO6
Development ensures that the landscape design provides cues to distinguish between a public area, a semi-public area and a private area.

Note—Cues could include changes in levels, surface or landscape treatment or fencing.

PO7
Development provides a plant selection which addresses the functional issues of the development including:
(a) screening and buffering;
(b) street presentation;
(c) shading;
(d) character;
(e) amenity;
(f) ecology;
(g) water availability and stormwater treatment.
AO7
Development provides species in accordance with the Planting species planning scheme policy.
PO8
Development provides planting densities and stock sizes which are optimised to reduce maintenance and erosion and to achieve amenity and ecological outcomes.
AO8
Development provides planting densities and stock sizes which are based on achieving full coverage of the mulched planting areas within 2 years.
PO9
Development provides planting areas in open-air car parking areas which are designed and constructed to ensure that landscaping and shade trees thrive and achieve a minimum 50% shade cover within 5 years of planting.
AO9.1
Development provides species in a car park that are selected in accordance with the Planting species planning scheme policy.
AO9.2
Development provides planting areas within car parking areas that are protected by wheel stops or bollards.
PO10
Development for a shade structure does not compromise landscape outcomes.
AO10
Development for a shade structure in a car park allows unimpeded access to natural sunlight and rainwater for landscaping and shade trees.
PO11
Development involving the construction of retaining walls provides for:
(a) safety;
(b) an attractive appearance appropriate to the surrounding area;
(c) easy maintenance;
(d) longevity;
(e) minimal water seepage impacts.
AO11
Development of a retaining wall:
(a) is constructed in compliance with the structures standards in the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy and is certified by a Registered Professional Engineer Queensland;
(b) incorporates planting areas.
PO12
Development provides for:
(a) water sensitive urban design measures which are employed within the landscape design to maximise stormwater use and to reduce any adverse impacts on the landscape;
(b) stormwater harvesting to be maximised and any adverse impacts of stormwater minimised.
AO12.1
Development provides landscaping which is designed using the standards in the Landscape design guidelines for water conservation planning scheme policy.
AO12.2
Development ensures that the design and requirements for irrigation is in accordance with the standards in the Landscape design guidelines for water conservation planning scheme policy.
AO12.3
Development provides areas of pavement, turf and mulched garden beds which are adequately drained.

Note—This may be achieved through the provision and/or treatment of swales, spoon drains, field gullies, sub-surface drainage and stormwater connections.

PO13
Development provides landscaping which is capable of efficient and effective maintenance that ensures the success of the landscaping.
AO13.1
Development ensures that all turf areas on the site are accessible externally by standard lawn maintenance equipment and receive adequate sunlight.
AO13.2
Development provides a reticulated irrigation system to common landscape and recreation areas and ensures that podium planters serviced from tank water and the control device are located in a common area.
AO13.3
Development provides one hose cock within each private landscape and recreation area.
AO13.4
Development provides landscaping that uses appropriate materials to maintain the function of an overland flow path.
AO13.5
Development provides planting media and mulch in accordance with AS4454 Compost, soil conditioners and mulches and AS 4419-2003 Soils for landscaping and garden use.
PO14
Development ensures that the location and type of planting do not compromise the function and accessibility of services and facilities.
AO14
Development provides plant species which are selected and sited, taking into consideration the location and access requirements of overhead and underground services.
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