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9.3.12 Industry code

9.3.12.1 Application

(1) This code applies to assessing a material change of use or building work if:
(a) self-assessable or assessable development where this code is an applicable code identified in the assessment criteria column of a table of assessment for a material change of use (section 5.5), building work (section 5.7) or a neighbourhood plan (section 5.9); or
(b) impact assessable development for a use of an industrial nature.
(2) When using this code, reference should be made to section 1.5 and section 5.3.3.

Note—Certain industrial activities assessed against this code will also require an environmental authority to undertake an environmentally relevant activity under the Environmental Protection Act 1994 and its subordinate legislation.

Note—Where this code includes performance outcomes or acceptable outcomes that relate to:

Editor’s note—For a proposal to be self-assessable, it must meet all the self-assessable outcomes of this code and any other applicable code. Where it does not meet all self-assessable outcomes, the proposal becomes assessable development and a development application is required. Where a development application is triggered, only the specific acceptable outcome that the proposal fails to meet needs to be assessed against the corresponding assessable acceptable outcome or performance outcome. Other self-assessable outcomes that are met are not assessed as part of the development application.

9.3.12.2 Purpose

(1) The purpose of the Industry code is to assess the suitability of development to which this code applies.
(2) The purpose of the code will be achieved through the following overall outcomes:
(a) Development is appropriately located and designed.
(b) Development achieves environmental performance of a satisfactory standard.
(c) Development is compatible with a sensitive use in the vicinity of the development.
(d) Development avoids or minimises the release of harmful pollutants and protects the health and safety of the occupants of a sensitive use or a zone or a zone precinct intended for sensitive uses.
(e) Development ensures that buildings which are located near residential and other sensitive uses can accommodate a range of industrial type uses without causing an unacceptable impact on the amenity of the area.
(f) Development locates renewable energy facilities in an industrial location that is consistent with the amenity of the area and does not impact on the sensitive use.
(g) Development is designed to cater for the social and environmental needs of persons working within or visiting these areas including personal safety.

9.3.12.3 Assessment criteria

The following table identifies the assessment criteria for self-assessable and assessable development.

Table 9.3.12.3.A—Criteria for self-assessable and assessable development
Performance outcomes
Acceptable outcomes
Section A—If self-assessable or assessable development
PO1
Development:
(a) avoids or minimises air emissions;
(b) complies with the following criteria in a sensitive zone, and at a sensitive use in a rural zone:
(i) air quality (planning) criteria in Table 9.3.12.3.B;
(ii) the odour criteria in Table 9.3.12.3.C;
(iii) the health risk assessment criteria in Table 9.3.12.3.D.

Note—An air quality impact report prepared in accordance with the Air quality planning scheme policy can assist in demonstrating achievement of this performance outcome.

AO1.1
Development for a low impact industry or a research and technology industry or a warehouse located in the Low impact industry zone or General industry A zone precinct of the Industry zone, or for a research and technology industry or low impact industry in the Mixed industry and business zone precinct or major education and research facility zone precinct of the Specialised centre zone:
(a) does not involve activities that generate air emissions from the site;
(b) does not involve unsealed roads, driveways and vehicle manoeuvring areas.
AO1.2
Development for a medium impact industry A located in the Low impact industry zone or General industry A zone precinct of the Industry zone does not involve unsealed roads and:
(a) does not involve activities that generate air emissions from the site; or
(b) is located at least 150m from a sensitive zone.
AO1.3
Development for a medium impact industry B located in the Low impact industry zone or General industry A zone precinct of the Industry zone does not involve unsealed roads and:
(a) does not involve activities that generate air emissions from the site; or
(b) is located at least 250m from a sensitive zone.
AO1.4
Development for a medium impact industry is located in the General industry B zone precinct of the Industry zone or the General industry C zone precinct of the Industry zone.
AO1.5
Development for a high impact industry where not a concrete batching plant, does not involve an activity which generates air emissions from the site.
AO1.6
Development for a concrete batching plant:
(a) complies with the air quality and dust section of the Concrete batching plants planning scheme policy;
(b) is located a minimum of 250m from a sensitive zone or sensitive use.
AO1.7
Development for a renewable energy facility does not involve an activity which generates air emissions beyond the site.
AO1.8
No acceptable outcome is prescribed for development for a special industry.
AO1.9
No acceptable outcome is prescribed for development in any other zones not listed above.
PO2
Development complies with the noise (planning) criteria in Table 9.3.12.3.E, low frequency noise criteria in Table 9.3.12.3.F and night-time noise criteria in Table 9.3.12.3.G.

Note—A noise impact assessment report prepared in accordance with the Noise impact assessment planning scheme policy can assist in demonstrating achievement of this performance outcome.

AO2.1
Development for a low impact industry or medium impact industry A or medium impact industry B or a research and technology industry or a warehouse located in the Low impact industry zone or General industry A zone precinct of the Industry zone or for research and technology industry or low impact industry located in the Mixed industry and business zone precinct of the Specialised centre zone or major education and research facility zone precinct of the Specialised centre zone:
(a) operates:
(i) between 7am and 7pm Monday to Saturday excluding public holidays; or
(ii) so it is not clearly audible from a residential zone, or a sensitive use in a centre zone;
(b) is conducted wholly indoors except where located a minimum of 250m from a sensitive zone;
(c) does not receive deliveries between 7pm and 7am.
AO2.2
Development for a car wash where in a zone in the Centre zones category only operates between 7am to 6pm, including deliveries.
AO2.3
Development for a car wash in the Low impact industry zone or General industry A zone precinct of the Industry zone:
(a) operates between 7am and 7pm Monday to Saturday excluding public holidays; or
(b) is not clearly audible from a residential zone or sensitive use in a centre zone.
AO2.4
Development for medium impact industry in the General industry B zone precinct of the Industry zone:
(a) does not involve outdoor activities between 7pm and 7am; or
(b) is not clearly audible from a use in a residential zone, or a sensitive use in a centre zone; or
(c) is in a location at least 500m from a sensitive zone.
AO2.5
Development for a high impact industry does not involve an activity that generates noise emissions from the site.
AO2.6
Development for a concrete batching plant is located a minimum of 500m from a sensitive zone.
AO2.7
No acceptable outcome is prescribed for development for a special industry.
AO2.8
Development for a renewable energy facility does not generate noise which is clearly audible and creates a disturbance at a sensitive zone.
AO2.9
No acceptable outcome is prescribed for development in any other zones not listed above.
PO3
Development minimises the risk to public safety, property and the environment from technological hazards such as fire, explosion and toxic release and achieves the hazard and risk criteria in Table 9.3.12.3.I.

Note—A preliminary hazard analysis report prepared in accordance with the Industrial hazard and risk assessment planning scheme policy can assist in demonstrating achievement of this performance outcome.

AO3
Development does not include the storage of dangerous goods and combustible liquids above the volumes/quantities identified in Table 9.3.12.3.H.
PO4
Development on land used for urban purposes is serviced adequately with:
(a) water supply which meets the stated standard of service for intended use and fire-fighting purposes;
(b) waste disposal.
AO4
Development provides all lots with:
(a) reticulated water supply;
(b) reticulated sewerage or an appropriate on-site sewerage service where the development does not provide access to reticulated sewer for all lots.
PO5
Development in the City core and City frame area indicated in Figure a of the Transport, access, parking and servicing code provides car parking spaces at a rate which discourages private car use and encourages walking, cycling and the use of public transport.
AO5
Development in the City core and City frame area indicated in Figure a of the Transport, access, parking and servicing code provides car parking spaces at the maximum parking rates in compliance with the standards in the Transport, access, parking and servicing planning scheme policy.
PO6
Development outside of the City core and City frame area indicated in Figure a of the Transport, access, parking and servicing code provides for the number of on-site parking spaces required to accommodate design peak parking demands without overflow parking to an adjoining premises or adjoining streets.
AO6
Development outside of the City core and City frame area indicated in Figure a of the Transport, access, parking and servicing code provides a number of on-site car parking spaces:
(a) in compliance with the standards in the Transport, access, parking and servicing planning scheme policy; or
(b) which does not result in on-street parking if no parking standard is identified in the Transport, access, parking and servicing planning scheme policy.
PO7
Development provides for outdoor lighting which does not have an adverse impact on any person, activity or fauna because of light emissions, either directly or by reflection.
AO7.1
Development provides for outdoor lighting with technical parameters, design, installation, operation and maintenance which is in compliance with the requirements of AS 4282-1997 Control of the obtrusive effects of outdoor lighting.
AO7.2
Development ensures that floodlighting is restricted to the type that gives no upward component of light where mounted horizontally, such as a full cut off luminar.
Additional criteria where involving an extension to an existing premises or a new premises
PO8
Development is designed and constructed to prevent the emission of contaminants to surface water or groundwater.

Note—For guidance on assessing potential impacts and performance requirements, refer to the Infrastructure design planning scheme policy.

AO8.1
Development ensures that liquid or solid wastes, other than stormwater, are not discharged to land or waters.
AO8.2
Development where not for a concrete batching plant or involving storing or dispensing of petroleum ensures that the storage of contaminating substances or areas where potentially contaminating activities are conducted, are:
(a) roofed or covered to prevent the ingress of rainfall and run-off, and that roof water is piped away from an area of potential spills or contamination;
(b) paved with an impervious surface and bunded so that any spills are retained on site for removal.
AO8.3
Development for a concrete batching plant complies with the surface and groundwater protection section of the Concrete batching plant planning scheme policy.
AO8.4
Development involving storing or dispensing of petroleum manages discharges to the stormwater system in compliance with the surface and groundwater protection section of the Storage and dispensing of petroleum products planning scheme policy.
PO9
Development is designed and constructed to prevent ground contamination.
AO9
Development:
(a) ensures that there is no underground fuel storage on the site; or
(b) where involving storing and dispensing of petroleum complies with the surface and groundwater protection section of the Storage and dispensing of petroleum products planning scheme policy.
PO10
Development for a building:
(a) is of a scale and design which contributes positively to the visual character of the area, especially as seen from the street;
(b) is easily accessible and legible;
(c) is located between the street frontage and the building;
(d) designs and locates vehicle unloading and outdoor storage areas to be unobtrusive from the street;
(e) provides for infrastructure and service requirements of future users including:
(i) trade waste connections to sewer;
(ii) storage tanks;
(iii) refuse and recycling storage areas;
(iv) waste pre-treatment devices;
(v) other ancillary equipment;
(vi) car parking and manoeuvring areas.
AO10.1
Development has a maximum site cover which is:
(a) 75% in the Industry investigation zone, Low impact industry zone and Industry zone;
(b) 25% in the Special industry zone and Extractive industry zone.
AO10.2
Development has a maximum building height of 15m.
AO10.3
Development ensures that no part of any building or structure is closer than 6m to any street frontage.
AO10.4
Development ensures that:
(a) the main pedestrian entry to the building is:
(i) easily identifiable;
(ii) clearly visible;
(iii) directly accessible from the street;
(b) the ground storey offices, display windows and entrance foyers are orientated towards the street frontage.
Refer to Figure a.
AO10.5
Development provides street numbers and building and tenancy names which are displayed at the ground storey and are clearly identifiable from the street.
PO11
Development provides landscaping:
(a) areas in locations where planting will ameliorate the view of the development from major public vantage points;
(b) to the site frontage which makes a positive contribution to the streetscape and incorporates bold landscape elements that complement the scale and bulk of the industrial form.
AO11.1
Development provides landscaping which:
(a) covers a minimum of 3% of the site;
(b) includes a landscaped strip along the site frontage with a minimum width of 2m;
(c) includes a landscape strip along any frontage or boundary with a motorway or arterial road of 3m.
AO11.2
Development provides tree planting to site frontages which will achieve a canopy spread over 50% of the site frontage within 5 years of planting.

Note—Existing significant vegetation that already contributes to these requirements is to be retained.

AO11.3
Development provides shade trees in a car parking area at a ratio of 1 tree for each 6 car parking spaces.
AO11.4
Development provides large trees and spreading ground covers in all landscape areas within the site.
AO11.5
Development provides, in an area where screening or buffering is required, large screening shrubs of an appropriate density and size to complement the scale and bulk of the subject building.
PO12
Development creates a socially, visually and physically amenable work environment.
AO12
Development provides an on-site recreation area for staff which:
(a) includes seating, tables and rubbish bins;
(b) is adequately protected from the weather;
(c) is safely accessible to all staff;
(d) is separate and private from public areas;
(e) is located away from a noisy or odorous activity.
Refer to Figure b.
PO13
Development creates a safe environment by incorporating the key elements of crime prevention through environmental design.
AO13
Development incorporates the key elements of crime prevention through environmental design in its layout, building or structure design and landscaping by:
(a) facilitating casual surveillance opportunities and including good sightlines to publicly accessible areas such as car parks, pathways, public toilets and communal areas;
(b) defining different uses and public and private ownerships through design and restricting access from non-residential uses into private residential dwellings;
(c) promoting safety and minimising opportunities for graffiti and vandalism through exterior building design and orientation of buildings and use of active frontages;
(d) ensuring publicly accessible areas such as car parks, pathways, public toilets and communal areas are well lit;
(e) including way-finding cues;
(f) minimising predictable routes and entrapment locations near public spaces such as car parks, public toilets and communal areas.

Note—For guidance in achieving the key elements of crime prevention through environmental design, refer to the Crime prevention through environmental design planning scheme policy.

PO14
Development minimises opportunities for graffiti and vandalism through access control, canvas reduction and easy maintenance selection.
AO14
Development incorporates graffiti and vandalism prevention techniques in its layout, building or structure design and landscaping, by:
(a) denying access to potential canvas through access control techniques;
(b) reducing potential canvases through canvas reduction techniques;
(c) ensuring graffiti can be readily and quickly removed through easy maintenance selection techniques.

Note—For guidance on graffiti and vandalism prevention techniques refer to the Graffiti prevention planning scheme policy.

PO15
Development is serviced adequately with:
(a) refuse disposal;
(b) telecommunications;
(c) energy supply.
AO15.1
Development is provided with and connected to electricity and telecommunications.
AO15.2
Development does not impede existing refuse removal provisions and provides for a dedicated area or system to ensure adequate access to and removal of refuse.

Note—Refer to the Refuse planning scheme policy for further guidance.

PO16
Development is situated on a site which is provided with a constructed road access, frontage treatment and access crossings to an appropriate urban standard.
AO16
Development is provided with the following works which are constructed to the applicable design standard for comparable new subdivision requirements:
(a) concrete kerb and channel;
(b) paved roadway;
(c) a constructed walkway or repair of any damage to any walkway caused by construction or operational activities;
(d) drainage works;
(e) services conduits.
PO17
Development is provided with adequate vehicle access to service the uses proposed for the site, including a safe and easily accessible vehicle movement layout.
AO17
Development provides for all vehicles, including servicing and waste disposal vehicles, to enter and exit the site in forward gear, and comply with the car parking design and site access guidelines in the Transport, access, parking and servicing planning scheme policy.
Section B—If assessable development
Additional criteria if involving new premises or an extension to existing premises within 150m of a sensitive zone
PO18
Development for a building:
(a) is reasonably compatible in appearance and scale with nearby residential buildings;
(b) ensures that the reflectivity of roofing materials or solar panel systems does not impact on the amenity of adjoining premises.
AO18.1
Development has a maximum building height of 9.5m within 20m of a sensitive zone.
AO18.2
Development has buildings which are constructed with brick, painted concrete or masonry and does not incorporate highly reflective materials.
Additional criteria if involving new premises or an extension to existing premises where the site is on the opposite side of the road to a sensitive zone
PO19
Development has a site layout which presents attractively with landscaping and building to a sensitive zone.
AO19
Development ensures that:
(a) the only activity located between the frontage landscape strip and the building is car parking for visitors and staff;
(b) the building is located towards the front boundary behind the frontage landscape strip;
(c) all other on-site activity, outdoor storage of vehicles, goods or material, open storage and servicing is located at the rear of the building and is not visible from the road.
Refer to Figure c.
Additional criteria if involving new premises or an extension to existing premises where the site has a common side or rear boundary with a site where in a zone in the Residential zones category
PO20
Development provides:
(a) appropriate screening and buffering to neighbouring residential areas so that the amenity of these areas is maintained or improved;
(b) landscaping of the site to present attractively to a residential area, with fencing and landscaping used to screen site activities from view.
AO20.1
Development provides parking and outdoor storage areas which are screened from a zone in the Residential zones category and residential dwellings.
AO20.2
Development on a site where a zone in the Residential zones category adjoins the rear of the site ensures that the rear wall of the new industrial building is constructed from side boundary to side boundary.
Refer to Figure d.
AO20.3
Development ensures that:
(a) where a building wall with no openings is orientated to a zone in the Residential zones category, a densely planted landscaped buffer at least 3m wide is provided; or
(b) where a building wall with openings is orientated to a zone in the Residential zones category, a densely planted landscaped and screened buffer area at least 6m wide is provided.
AO20.4
Development provides landscape buffers consisting of tall trees and shrubs, including a mix of fast-growing pioneer species and mature stock of slower growing permanent species, which will form a complete visual screen of a minimum of 4m in height within 3 years of planting.
Additional criteria if a food and drink outlet or a shop
PO21
Development:
(a) is in a highly accessible location;
(b) does not contribute to strip development along arterial roads;
(c) must not introduce non-local traffic into minor roads.
AO21
Development is to be on a site that:
(a) is located on either a district road or a suburban road;
(b) does not have a boundary to an arterial road.
PO22
Development does not:
(a) create a de facto centre through a clustering of small non-industrial uses;
(b) cause an incremental extension to the edge of an existing centre through sequential development of multiple small non-industrial uses;
(c) locate in a catchment which is already serviced by an existing centre.
AO22
Development is not located on a site:
(a) adjoining a zone in the Centre zones category;
(b) within 400m walking distance from the perimeter of a zone in the Centre zones category;
(c) in close proximity to an existing or approved shop or food and drink outlet;
(d) adjoining a site in the Commercial character building overlay.
PO23
Development is low key in scale, nature and employment and of an appropriate size to serve the needs of the local workforce.
AO23
Development has a maximum gross floor area of 250m2.
Table 9.3.12.3.B—Air quality (planning) criteria
Pollutant
Averaging time
Health outcome protected
Criteria including background (µg/m3)
Criteria including background (ppm)
Nitrogen dioxide
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
250
0.12
Annual
Health and wellbeing
62
0.03
Sulfur dioxide
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
570
0.2
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
230
0.08
Annual
Health and wellbeing
57
0.02
Particulate matter (PM) as total suspended particulates (TSP)
Annual
Health and wellbeing
90
-
PM10 less than 10µm (PM10)
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
50
-
PM10 less than 2.5µm (PM2.5)
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
25
-
Annual
Health and wellbeing
8
-
Carbon monoxide
8 hours
Health and wellbeing
11,000
9
Dust deposition as insoluble solids
Annual
Protecting aesthetic environment
4g/m2/month
-
1,1,1-trichloroethane (methyl chloroform)
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
12,500
2.3
1,1,2-trichloroethane
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
1,000
0.18
1,1-biphenyl
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
24
0.0037
1,2 dichloroethane
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
750
0.17
1,3-butadiene
Annual
Health and wellbeing
2.4
0.001
Acetaldehyde
1 hour
Odour
42
0.023
Acetic acid
1 hour
Odour
270
0.11
Acetone
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
22,000
9.2
Acrolein
1 hour
USEPA extremely toxic
0.42
0.00018
Acrylonitrile
1 hour
USEPA Group B1 carcinogen (probable human carcinogen)
8
0.0037
Alpha chlorinated toluenes and benzoyl chloride
1 hour
IARC Group 1 carcinogen (known human carcinogen)
9
0.0018
Ammonia
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
330
0.46
Antimony and compounds
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
9
-
Arsenic and compounds (as total metal content in PM10)
1 hour
IARC Group 1 carcinogen (known human carcinogen)
0.09
-
Annual
Health and wellbeing
6ng/m3
-
Benzene
Annual
Health and wellbeing
10
0.003
Benzo(a)pyrene (as marker for PAH)
Annual
Health and wellbeing
0.3ng/m3
-
Beryllium and compounds
1 hour
IARC Group 1 carcinogen (known human carcinogen)
0.004
-
Bromochloromethane
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
19,000
3.7
Bromoform (tribromomethane)
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
90
0.009
Bromotrifluoromethane
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
112,000
18
Butyl acrylate
1 hour
Odour
100
0.019
Butyl mercaptan
1 hour
Odour
7
0.002
Cadmium and compounds (as total metal content in PM10)
Annual
Health and wellbeing
5ng/m3
-
Carbon disulfide
1 hour
Odour
183
0.0055
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
110
0.032
Chlorine
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
50
0.018
Chlorine dioxide
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
5.1
0.0018
Chlorobenzene
1 hour
Odour
100
0.023
Chloroform
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
900
0.18
Chromium III compounds
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
9
-
Chromium VI compounds
1 hour
IARC Group 1 carcinogen (known human carcinogen)
0.09
-
Copper dusts and mists
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
18
-
Copper fumes
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
3.7
-
Cumene (isopropyl benzene)
1 hour
Odour
21
0.004
Cyanide (as CN)
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
90
-
Cyclohexane
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
19,000
5
Cyclohexanone
1 hour
Odour
260
0.07
Diacetone alcohol
1 hour
Odour
700
0.15
Dichloromethane (methylene chloride)
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
3200
0.85
7 days
Health and wellbeing
480
0.13
Diethylamine
1 hour
Odour
30
0.01
Dimethylamine
1 hour
Odour
9
0.0052
Dioxins and furans (as TCDD TEF)
1 hour
IARC Group 1 carcinogen (known human carcinogen)
0.000002
-
Diphenyl ether
1 hour
Odour
80
0.01
Ethanol
1 hour
Odour
2,100
1.1
Ethyl acetate
1 hour
Odour
12,100
3.5
Ethyl acrylate
1 hour
Odour
0.4
0.0001
Ethyl butyl ketone
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
4,200
0.9
Ethyl chloride (chloroethane)
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
48,000
18
Ethylbenzene
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
8,000
1.8
Ethylene oxide
1 hour
IARC Group 1 carcinogen (known human carcinogen)
3.3
0.0018
Formaldehyde
1 hour
Protecting aesthetic environment
96
0.07
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
54
0.04
Hydrogen chloride
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
140
0.09
Hydrogen cyanide
1 hour
USEPA extremely toxic
200
0.18
Hydrogen sulfide
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
160
0.11
1 hour
Odour
6.5
0.0043
Lead and compounds (as total metal content in TSPs)
Annual
Health and wellbeing
0.5
-
Magnesium oxide fumes
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
180
-
Manganese and compounds (as total metal content in PM10)
Annual
Health and wellbeing
0.16
-
MDI (diphenylmethane diisocyanate)
1 hour
USEPA extremely toxic
0.04
-
Mercury inorganic
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
1.8
-
Annual
Health and wellbeing
1.1
-
Mercury organic
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
0.18
-
Methanol
1 hour
Odour
3,000
2.4
Methyl ethyl ketone
1 hour
Odour
3,200
1.1
Methyl isobutyl ketone
1 hour
Odour
230
0.05
Methyl mercaptan
1 hour
Odour
0.46
0.00023
Methyl methacrylate
1 hour
Odour
120
0.027
Methyl styrene
1 hour
Odour
140
0.029
Methylamine
1 hour
Odour
2.7
0.0023
n-Butanol
1 hour
Odour
500
0.16
n-Butyl acetate
1 hour
Odour
1,020
0.21
n-Hexane
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
3,200
0.9
Nickel and compounds (as total metal content in PM10)
Annual
Health and wellbeing
0.02
-
Nitric acid
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
90
0.037
Nitrobenzene
1 hour
Odour
2.6
0.00052
n-Propanol
1 hour
Odour
41
0.016
Pentachlorophenol
1 hour
USEPA extremely toxic
0.9
-
Phenol
1 hour
Odour
20
0.0052
Phosgene
1 hour
USEPA extremely toxic
7
0.0018
Phosphine
1 hour
Odour
3.1
0.0023
Propylene oxide
1 hour
USEPA Group B1 carcinogen (probable human carcinogen)
90
0.037
Pyridine
1 hour
Odour
7
0.0023
Styrene
1 hour
Odour
65
0.014
7 days
Health and wellbeing
280
0.06
Sulfate
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
27
-
Sulfuric acid
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
18
-
TDI (toluene-2,4-diisocyanate; toluene-2,6-diisocyanate)
1 hour
USEPA extremely toxic
0.04
-
Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
1 hour
Odour
7,487
1.01
Annual
Health and wellbeing
270
0.036
Toluene
1 hour
Odour
958
0.23
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
4,100
1
Annual
Health and wellbeing
410
0.1
Trichloroethylene
1 hour
IARC Group 2A carcinogen (probable human carcinogen)
500
0.09
Triethylamine
1 hour
Odour
200
0.05
Vanadium and compounds (as total metal content in PM10)
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
1.1
-
Vinyl chloride monomer
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
28
0.01
Vinyl toluene
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
4,400
0.9
Welding fumes (total particulate)
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
90
-
Xylenes (as a total of ortho, meta and para isomers)
24 hours
Health and wellbeing
1,200
0.25
Annual
Health and wellbeing
950
0.2
Zinc chloride fumes
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
18
-
Zinc oxide fumes
1 hour
Health and wellbeing
90
-

Note—

Table 9.3.12.3.C—Odour criteria
Pollutant
Averaging time
Health outcome protected
Criteria (odour units–OU)
Odour
1 hour
Odour
0.5 OU for tall stacks
Odour
1 hour
Odour
2.5 OU for ground-level and wake-affected plumes from short stacks

Note—Odour criteria are to be evaluated using the 99.5th percentile concentration from dispersion modelling.

Table 9.3.12.3.D—Health risk assessment criteria
Risk type
Incremental health risk criteria for development in isolation
Cumulative health risk criteria for development with background sources of pollutants
Lifetime cancer risk
Less than 1 in 1,000,000
Less than 1 in 100,000
Chronic hazard index
Less than 0.5
Less than 1
Acute hazard index
Less than 0.5
Less than 1

Note—

Table 9.3.12.3.E—Noise (planning) criteria
Criteria location
Intrusive noise criteria
Day, evening and night LAeq,adj,T are not greater than the RBL plus the value in this column for the relevant criteria location, where T equals:
  • day 11hr
  • evening4hr
  • night9hr
Acoustic amenity criteria
Day, evening and night LAeq,adj,T are not greater than the values in this column for the relevant criteria location, where T equals:
  • day11hr
  • evening4hr
  • night9hr
Day
Evening
Night
Low density residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
Low–medium density residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
Medium density residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
High density residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
50dB(A)
Character residential zone boundary
3dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
Tourist accommodation zone boundary
3dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in the Principal centre zone
5dB(A)
60dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in the Major centre zone
5dB(A)
60dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in the District centre zone
5dB(A)
60dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in the Neighbourhood centre zone
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in the Specialised centre zone
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
50dB(A)
Emerging community zone boundary
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
Environmental management zone boundary
0dB(A)
40dB(A)
40dB(A)
40dB(A)
Conservation zone boundary
0dB(A)
40dB(A)
40dB(A)
40dB(A)
At a sensitive use in the Mixed use zone
5dB(A)
60dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
At a sensitive use in the Rural zone
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
At a sensitive use in the Rural residential zone
5dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
At a sensitive use in the Township zone
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
Rural residential sensitive use
5dB(A)
50dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)
Township zone sensitive use
5dB(A)
55dB(A)
45dB(A)
40dB(A)

Note—

Table 9.3.12.3.F—Low frequency noise criteria
Criteria location
Day (7am–6pm) LCeq,adj,11hr is not greater than the following values at the relevant criteria location:
Evening (6pm–10pm) LCeq,adj,4hr is not greater than the following values at the relevant criteria location:
Night (10pm–7am) LCeq,adj,9hr is not greater than the following values at the relevant criteria location:
Low density residential zone boundary
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
60dB(C)
Low–medium density residential zone boundary
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
60dB(C)
Medium density residential zone boundary
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
60dB(C)
High density residential zone boundary
70dB(C)
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
Character residential zone boundary
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
60dB(C)
Tourist accommodation zone boundary
70dB(C)
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
At a sensitive use in the Principal centre zone
75dB(C)
75dB(C)
70dB(C)
At a sensitive use in the Major centre zone
75dB(C)
75dB(C)
70dB(C)
At a sensitive use in the District centre zone
70dB(C)
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
At a sensitive use in the Neighbourhood centre zone
70dB(C)
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
At a sensitive use in the Specialised centre zone
75dB(C)
75dB(C)
70dB(C)
Emerging community zone boundary
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
60dB(C)
Environmental management zone boundary
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
Conservation zone boundary
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
At a sensitive use in the Mixed use zone
75dB(C)
75dB(C)
70dB(C)
At a sensitive use in the Rural zone
70dB(C)
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
At a sensitive use in the Rural residential zone
65dB(C)
65dB(C)
60dB(C)
At a sensitive use in the Township zone
70dB(C)
65dB(C)
65dB(C)

Note—

Table 9.3.12.3.G—Night-time noise criteria
Criteria location
Where the existing LAeq,9hr night at the criteria location is:
Average of the highest 15 single LAmax events over a given night (10pm-7am) period is not greater than the following values at the relevant criteria location:
The absolute highest single LAmax event over a given night (10pm-7am) period is not greater than the following values at the relevant criteria location:
At the zone boundary of:
  • Low density residential zone;
  • Low–medium density residential zone;
  • Medium density residential zone;
  • High density residential zone;
  • Character residential zone;
  • Tourist accommodation zone; or
  • Emerging community zone.
<45dB(A)
50dB(A)
55dB(A)
45 to 60dB(A)
LAeq,9hr night + 5dB(A)
LAeq,9hr night + 10dB(A)
>60dB(A)
65dB(A)
70dB(A)
External to a sensitive use located in a:
  • Principal centre zone;
  • Major centre zone;
  • District centre zone;
  • Neighbourhood centre zone;
  • Specialised centre zone;
  • Mixed use zone;
  • Rural zone;
  • Rural residential zone; or
  • Township zone.
Not applicable
65dB(A)
70dB(A)

Note—

Table 9.3.12.3.H—Maximum quantities for storage of dangerous goods and combustible liquids
Name
(the following dangerous goods are as defined in the Australian code for the transport of dangerous goods by road and rail)
Class
Quantity
(tonnes)
Explosives
Class1
0.025
Flammable gases
Class 2.1
2
Non-flammable/Non-toxic gases
Class 2.2
100
Oxidising gases
Class 2.2 (Sub-risk 5)
100
Poisonous gases
Class 2.3
0.1
Flammable liquids
Class 3 PGI
20
Class 3 PGII
50
Class 3 PGIII
100
Any mix of chemicals from any Packing Group where none of the items exceeds the threshold quantity on their own.
100
Combustible liquids
C1/C2
500
Exemption for service station:
An aggregate quantity of Class 3 flammable liquid and combustible liquids stored, or intended to be stored, below ground.
385,000L
Class 2.1 LPG either underground or aboveground.
16m3
Flammable solids
Class 4.1 PGI
0.25
Class 4.1 PGII
2
Class 4.1 PGIII
5
Any mix of chemicals from any Packing Group where none of the items exceeds the threshold quantity on their own.
5
Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Class 4.2 PGI
0.125
Class 4.2 PGII
1
Class 4.2 PGIII
2.5
Any mix of chemicals from any Packing Group where none of the items exceeds the threshold quantity on their own.
2.5
Substances which in contact with water emit flammable gases
Class 4.3 PGI
0.25
Class 4.3 PGII
2
Class 4.3 PGIII
5
Any mix of chemicals from any Packing Group where none of the items exceeds the threshold quantity on their own.
5
Oxidising agents
Class 5.1 PGI
1.25
Class 5.1 PGII
10
Class 5.1 PGIII
25
Any mix of chemicals from any Packing Group where none of the items exceeds the threshold quantity on their own.
25
Organic peroxides
Class 5.2 PGI
0.125
Class 5.2 PGII
1
Class 5.2 PGIII
2.5
Any mix of chemicals from any Packing Group where none of the items exceeds the threshold quantity on their own.
2.5
Poisonous (toxic) substances
Class 6.1 PGI
0.25
Class 6.1 PGII
2
Class 6.1 PGIII
5
Any mix of chemicals from any Packing Group where none of the items exceeds the threshold quantity on their own.
5
Infectious substances
Class 6.2
0.1
Corrosive substances
Class 8 PGI
1.25
Class 8 PGII
10
Class 8 PGIII
25
Any mix of chemicals from any Packing Group where none of the items exceeds the threshold quantity on their own.
25
Miscellaneous named substances
Class 9
10
Acetaldehyde ammonia (UN1841) PGIII
5
Ammonium nitrate fertilisers (UN2071) PGIII
1
Blue/brown asbestos (UN2212) PGII & white asbestos (UN2590) PGIII
0.01
Polychlorinated biphenyls (UN2315) PGII
0.01
Polyhalogenated biphenyls or polyhalogenated terphenyls, liquid (UN3125) PGII, solid (UN3125) PGII
0.01
Polymeric beads, expandable, (UN2211) PGIII
2
Zinc dithionite (zinc hydrosulfite) (UN1931) PGIII
0.1
Goods too dangerous to be transported
As listed in Appendix A of the Australian code for the transport of dangerous goods by road and rail
0.2

Note—Thresholds apply equally to those substances with a subsidiary risk.

Table 9.3.12.3.I—Hazard and risk criteria
Fatality risk
Land use
Fatality risk criteria
(risk in a million per year)
0.5
1
5
10
Industry activities
50
Injury risk
Type of risk
Injury risk criteria
Heat radiation
Incident heat flux radiation does not exceed 4.7kW/m2 at a frequency of more than 50 chances in a million per year.
Explosion overpressure
Incident explosion overpressure does not exceed 7kPa at frequencies of more than 50 chances in a million per year.
Toxic exposure
Toxic concentrations do not exceed a level which would be seriously injurious to sensitive members of the community following a relatively short period of exposure at a maximum frequency of 10 in a million per year.
Toxic concentrations will not cause irritation to eyes or throat, coughing or other acute physiological responses in sensitive members of the community over a maximum frequency of 50 in a million per year.
Risk of property damage and accident propagation
Type of property damage and accident propagation risk
Land use
Property damage and accident propagation risk criteria
Heat radiation
Neighbouring potentially hazardous installations or at land zoned to accommodate such installations
Incident heat flux radiation should not exceed a risk of 50 in a million per year for the 23kW/m2 heat flux level
Explosion overpressure
Neighbouring potentially hazardous installations, at land zoned to accommodate such installations, or at nearest public buildings
Incident explosion overpressure should not exceed a risk of 50 in a million per year for the 14kPa explosion overpressure level
Societal risk criteria (refer Figure e)
(a) Societal risk is not considered significant where the societal risk value is below the green line, i.e. in the negligible region, provided other individual criteria are met.
(b) Societal risk is not acceptable where the societal risk value is above the red line, i.e. in the intolerable region, even if individual risk criteria are met.
(c) Societal risk may be considered tolerable where the societal risk value is below the red line, i.e. within the ALARP (As Low As Reasonably Practicable) region, only where the benefits clearly outweigh the risks and provided the other Hazard and risk criteria of this code are met. Where the societal risk value is in the ALARP region the emphasis is on reducing risks as far as possible towards the negligible line and with the development layout locating affected areas as far away from people as possible.

Note—Societal risk criteria are used for addressing the level of societal concern when there is a risk of significant, off-site, multiple fatalities occurring in one event.

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